A Overview of Heating Gasoline Calculators: The ideal and the biased

Alliance for Inexperienced Heat – Most men and women who heat with wood or pellets do so, in entire or in component, because it will save them funds. &nbspTo exhibit this, stove makers and retailers frequently include heating fuel calculators on their internet sites so shoppers can estimate their true financial savings.&nbsp So significantly so very good.&nbsp The problem is that in contrast to fossil fuel furnaces, wooden and pellet stove efficiencies are reported in a variety of techniques and a lot of calculators are biased.&nbsp If you are a client, this site will support you uncover reliable calculators and reliable normal efficiencies of hearth goods.
The Alliance for Environmentally friendly Warmth reviewed most of the gas calculators that had the greatest webpage rankings in Google lookups. &nbspNot astonishingly, we discovered that most warmth calculators had been biased in favor of the fuel or the stove engineering that they had been related with.&nbsp Of the dozens of calculators we reviewed, we advocate two.&nbsp We feel the two best calculators are the Energy Information Administration (EIA) calculator and the Fireplace.com calculator.

one. &nbspEIA. This is the prime fuel calculator on most Google lookups and for very good reason.&nbsp The EIA calculator is a excellent reference because 1. They update their fuel rates frequently 2. They cite the source of their performance estimates and 3. Its operate by energy experts that are not biased in the direction of any particular gasoline or equipment.&nbsp Even so, the EIA relies on the EPA default efficiency numbers, which are 63% for non-cats, 72% for catalytic and 78% for pellets.&nbsp These default quantities are way out of day, and when you use this calculator, we urge you to insert the performance values that we list at the bottom of this report.

two&nbsp &nbsp
&nbsp two. The other prime-notch calculator is by Hearth.com, which is run by unbiased fireplace experts and employs effectiveness values that are primarily based on offered info, comprehensive expertise and encounter. The values do not seem to us to be biased for or against any gas or equipment sort and if something, the effectiveness values are on the conservative aspect.&nbsp Fireplace.com presents the most depth by far on efficiencies of all kinds of stoves, from older airtight wood stoves to exempt pellet stoves and EPA accredited pellet stoves.
We think it is important for heating fuel calculators to be transparent and show what stove efficiencies and gasoline rates they are employing, something a lot of industry calculators do not do.&nbsp&nbsp Whilst consumers can easily put in their personal fuel charges, it is usually not possible for a consumer to put in an accurate performance level of a distinct stove.&nbsp Apart from for Blaze King, no key US manufacturer supplies a reputable effectiveness of their stoves to their shoppers that are plainly American (HHV), not European (LHV) heating values. Buyers need to not rely on the performance figures posted by companies. We inspire customers to use the regular performance values shown underneath.
Several gasoline calculators that target on wood and pellet stoves do not even disclose the efficiency quantities they use in the calculation so the consumer can’t know what the values and assumptions are.&nbsp Harman, &nbspQuadrafireand Traviscalculators are a very good example of this. The Fireplace, Patio &amp Barbecue Association (HPBA) exhibits their performance assumptions by clicking a tab exactly where you also add your possess gasoline fees. They use 70% for wooden stoves and seventy eight% for pellet stoves.&nbsp These are reasonably defensible values for certified appliances, but greater than the conservative types utilised by Fireside.com.&nbsp Numerous stove producers and sellers use the HPBA calculator on their sites and the EPA connected to the HPBA calculator for many many years prior to changing their link to Hearth.com.
Information on Efficiency
There are some datasets dependent on standardized wood stoves testing.&nbsp Studies from Houck &amp Tiegs, Robert Ferguson, and OMNI labs are amid the greatest sources obtainable as of now (they are shown under).&nbsp Individuals reports and data sets point out that non-cat stoves average among sixty eight and seventy two% successful, considerably above the sixty three% EPA default effectiveness that was set in the late eighties.&nbsp There is tiny knowledge on catalytic stoves, but we think the EPA default of 72% could not be way too significantly off the mark.&nbsp We suspect the typical today may possibly be in the seventy five% variety, and the most successful kinds that are detailed on the EPA list average close to eighty%.
The EPA default of 78% efficiency for pellet stoves is by significantly the most misunderstood, simply because that 78% only applies to EPA accredited pellet stoves, not their much less successful cousins, the exempt pellet stoves.&nbsp We consider that seventy eight% might even be a little bit higher for EPA qualified pellet stoves and exempt ones are likely to be amongst sixty – 70% efficient. An OMNI study identified the typical to be sixty eight% and EPA tests referred to in paper by Jim Houck estimate fifty six% for exempt pellet stoves.&nbsp There is extensive misleading info about pellet stove effectiveness not only from business, but also from some US authorities sites.
Efficiencies of Section 2 EPA qualified boilers selection from 39% to seventy eight%, with an regular of sixty five% according to the EPA checklist of boilers.&nbsp An Intertek report cited a fifty five% average performance for Period 2 boilers and the State of Maine gave them a 65% regular.&nbsp Efficiencies for European pellet boilers licensed to the EN303-5 standard are most likely to be in the seventy five – eighty five% selection, despite the fact that some that are oversized or with out any thermal storage could be reduce.

Non-cat wood stoves are inclined to be bunched amongst 65 – 75% performance. &nbspHowever, pellet stoves can assortment from 45 – 80% efficiency. &nbspHigher effectiveness ones are far more most likely to be the EPA qualified or the European pellet stoves. &nbspUnlike non-cat and pellet stoves, catalytic stoves are a lot much more very likely to have dependable, genuine efficiency amounts posted on the EPA qualified stove list and that is an superb resource to choose one of the optimum performance catalytic stoves on the industry nowadays. &nbsp

Our Recommendations
Our recommendations for heating gasoline calculator efficiencies replicate values of a new equipment when it is being employed with seasoned wooden. Right after a year or two, appliances get rid of 10 – 20 points in performance if they are not correctly maintained. &nbspBoilers, pellet stoves and cat stoves in distinct want periodic cleansing to preserve the average efficiencies outlined underneath:&nbsp&nbsp
EPA qualified non-cat stove&nbsp 70%
EPA accredited cat stove&nbsp&nbsp&nbsp&nbsp&nbsp&nbsp&nbsp&nbsp&nbsp seventy five%
EPA accredited pellet stove&nbsp&nbsp&nbsp&nbsp 78%
Exempt pellet stove&nbsp&nbsp&nbsp&nbsp&nbsp&nbsp&nbsp&nbsp&nbsp&nbsp&nbsp&nbsp&nbsp sixty five%
EPA Period two outdoor boiler 65%
Exempt out of doors boiler&nbsp&nbsp&nbsp&nbsp&nbsp&nbsp&nbsp&nbsp forty five%
EN 303-five pellet boiler&nbsp&nbsp&nbsp&nbsp&nbsp&nbsp&nbsp&nbsp&nbsp eighty%
References
Ferguson, Robert. An Evaluation of Overall Effectiveness for EPA Accredited Non-catalytic Wood Heaters. Rep. Ferguson, Andors &amp Organization, prepared for the Fireplace Patio and Barbecue Association (HPBA)., 21 July 2011.
Houck, James E., and Paul Tiegs. Household Wooden Combustion Technological innovation Evaluation. Tech. no. EPA-600/R-ninety eight-174a. OMNI Environmental Services, geared up for the EPA Workplace of Study and Improvement, Inc., Dec. 1998. World wide web. .
Houck, James E. “Select a Variety, Any Number.” Hearth &amp Residence. N.p., Mar. 2009. World wide web. .
Li, Victor S. Typical Woodstove Emission Factor Study. Rep. no. Research. Environmental Security Operations Division,, n.d. Internet. .
The Engineer’s Guidebook to Performance Demands for Wood Burning Appliances. Rep. no. BPEE201-11. Intertek, n.d. World wide web. .

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Pro-wood heating group suggests EPA rules sensible and will help industry increase

The Alliance for Green Heat welcomed the release of proposed EPA laws on residential wooden and pellet heating products, expressing that new, stricter emission requirements “will support The us embrace wood and pellet heating as a crucial renewable power that can help significantly lessen fossil gasoline usage.”

More than ten million American homes heat with wood and pellets, ten occasions far more than photo voltaic and geothermal mixed, in accordance to information from EIA and the US census. “We can harness the massive demand for this variety of renewable power if the stoves and boilers are thoroughly clean ample,” mentioned John Ackerly, President of the Alliance for Inexperienced Heat. “We imagine the emissions quantities unveiled by the EPA these days are affordable and achievable and will support the wood stove market increase and thrive in coming decades,” Ackerly continued.

The proposed rule has number of surprises in phrases of emission figures. Almost all the key quantities have been integrated in draft proposed policies shared with market, states and non-profits during 2013. But the proposed rule does replicate the considerably stricter numbers the EPA developed soon after states and air quality agencies intervened in 2012. Previously, the EPA was contemplating 2.five grams&nbspper hour to be the strictest level for wood and pellet stoves. But final calendar year, the EPA floated a one.3 grams&nbspper hour for all pellet and wood stoves and that is the amount that was unveiled right now.

The EPA is proposing that wooden and pellet stoves at first satisfy a 4.5 grams&nbspper hour standard, and then fulfill a considerably stricter regular of one.3 grams&nbspper hour 5 several years soon after promulgation. Alternatively, the EPA proposes a three-phase procedure of heading to 2.5 grams&nbspper hour soon after 3 a long time and then one.three grams an hour soon after 8 a long time.

Likewise, the EPA is proposing two alternatives for furnaces and boilers. The first would set up rigorous emission boundaries soon after 5 several years, and the next would have an intermediate phase after 3 years, and then the stricter standard right after 8 several years. Initially, heat air furnaces would only be held to .93 lb/MMBTU, while hydronic heaters would be held to .32. Ultimately, the two would need to have to get to .06 lb/MMBTU both five or 8 years right after promulgation. It is commonly expected that industry will advocate for the 3-stage approach and that EPA would be open up to this as effectively.

The EPA’s press launch stated that “when these expectations are totally carried out … [c]onsumers will also see a monetary benefit from performance advancements in the new woodstoves, which use much less wooden to warmth houses.” However, the EPA decided not to contain any effectiveness common, leaving open up the chance that some extremely inefficient units may continue to be on the market place. Wooden and pellet heating appliances are the only HVAC tools with no bare minimum efficiency standards.

Each performance and CO would have to be recorded and noted underneath the new proposed rules. To stay away from logjams in screening to the new requirements, the EPA is proposing “to allow ISO-accredited laboratories and ISO-accredited certifying bodies to boost the availability of laboratories and certifiers.”&nbsp

The EPA is scheduling a public hearing on these laws in Boston on February 26. Interested get-togethers need to register by February 19 at http://www2.epa.gov/household-wood-heaters if they want to make community responses. Every person will be constrained to 5 minutes. The community has 90 days to comment on the laws following they are posted in the Federal Sign up, which is anticipated to come about in the up coming week or two.&nbsp

The proposed rule does offer you an abnormal glimpse into disagreements in between the EPA, the Little Business Company (SBA) and the Office of Price range and Management (OMB).&nbsp&nbspIn the Panel Report, the “SBA and OMB advisable that the EPA not go ahead with proposed emission boundaries for pellet stoves, indoor hydronic heaters, biomass pellet stoves, masonry heaters.”&nbspThe EPA even so rejected this suggestion and provided a sound foundation for their proposal to incorporate pellet stoves, all hydronic heaters and masonry heaters.

The SBA and OMB also advised that the NSPS only protect parts of the country exactly where wooden smoke air pollution was substantial. They advised that states and areas where wooden smoke is not high be authorized to issue their own restrictions and consider voluntary expectations. The EPA selected to emphasize and counter these recommendations in its proposed rule, demonstrating that they have regarded these choices but discovered they ended up not justified.

The Alliance for Inexperienced Warmth is a non-earnings client advocacy group that fights for cleaner and much more efficient wood and pellet heating to help households affordably switch to a renewable heating fuel.

For the full rules see: http://www2.epa.gov/household-wooden-heaters

A summary of the restrictions well prepared by EPA, without emission figures, can be found listed here:
www2.epa.gov/internet sites/manufacturing/data files/2013-twelve/paperwork/proposed_wood_heater_nsps_overview_simple fact_sheet_1.pdf
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Wood Stove Decathlon puts concentrate on policy towards wooden and pellet heating

MEDIA ADVISORY for November 15-19, 2013
Get in touch with:&nbsp
Patricia Brooks, patricia.brooks@matchmapmedia.com, (202) 351-1757
Subsequent Technology Wood Stove Competitors Coming to National Shopping mall
Opposition places focus on plan toward America’s most common renewable energy
Washington D.C. – An intercontinental competitors getting held on the Nationwide Mall from November 15 – 19 to make considerably cleaner and a lot more effective wooden stoves is focusing focus on the Congressional districts where wood heating is most pervasive.&nbsp The organizers are contacting on the customers who depict people districts to develop coverage that developments this renewable power sector.
Numerous of the users of Congress who depict prime wooden and pellet heating districts are attending the Wooden Stove Decathlon to demonstrate their assistance for producing America’s variety one residential renewable energy cleaner. Amid these who have confirmed attendance include Chris Van Hollen (D-MD), Paul Tonko (D-NY) and Jared Huffamn (D-CA). The Decathlon is showcasing subsequent era wood stoves that are automatic, connect to wise telephones and emit nearly no smoke.

In the 20 Congressional Districts the place wooden and pellet heating are most typical, in between 9 and fifteen% of homes use wooden or pellets and little or no fossil fuels for heating.&nbsp For this cause, wooden and pellet heating have substantial potential to add to significant carbon reductions. In some counties in these districts, much more than 50 percent the houses use wood or pellets for primary or secondary heating. Nonetheless, a lot of homes nonetheless have previous, uncertified wood stoves that create way too significantly wood smoke air pollution and lead to the impact that wooden heating is just an antiquated, crude form of heating. New technologies like the kinds on exhibit at the wood stove decathlon would modify this craze.
“Wood and pellet heating has previously taken off in Europe, but its prospective is just beginning to attract consideration from the Obama Administration or the US Congress,” mentioned John Ackerly, President of the Alliance for Eco-friendly Warmth, the group that is hosting the Wooden Stove Decathlon. “America’s huge fleet of stoves is outmoded and no federal insurance policies stimulate businesses to make the cleanest stoves, or consumers to purchase them. The Office of Energy doesn’t have a single particular person or software that addresses America’s most frequent residential renewable strength technologies,” Ackerly stated.
The Alliance for Eco-friendly Warmth is contacting on associates of Congress who symbolize the districts exactly where wood heat is pervasive to take a leading position in developing approaches for this technological innovation.&nbsp Many Obama administration officers and customers of Congress will be attending and addressing the massive team of organizations, engineers, inventors, school teams and renewable power advocates at the Wooden Stove Decathlon.&nbsp
Nationally, 2.3 million homes use wooden or pellets as main gas and make a few occasions as a lot vitality as all household solar panels. Considering that 2000, wooden and pellet heating has developed 35%, faster than any other heating gasoline.
“The speedy increase of wooden heating because 2000 is excellent news for displacing important quantities of oil and propane heating,” said John Ackerly. “And now there is a remedy that can dramatically minimize the smoke that wooden stoves way too frequently emit. It’s the exact same laptop chips, sensors and innovation that is producing all significant appliances more successful,” said Ackerly.&nbsp
Procedures to deliver wood and pellet stoves into mainstream of renewable vitality policy and incentivize significantly cleaner and a lot more productive appliances include inclusion in the Strength Star plan, inclusion in vitality audit expectations and incentives for the quite cleanest and most efficient designs.&nbsp The BTU Act (S. 1007, H.R. 2715) would provide incentives for the most effective stoves.&nbsp And EPA has drafted extended-overdue regulations to need stricter emission standards for household wooden heaters which will be open for community remark this winter.
The top 10 wooden and pellet heating Congressional districts are represented by: Mike Michaud (D-ME), Ann Kirkpatrick (D-NM), Peter Welch (D-VT), Dan Benishek (R-MI),&nbspSteve Daines (R-MT), Jared Huffman (D-CA), Sean Duffy (R-WI), Peter DeFazio (D-OR), Tom McClintock (R-CA) and Greg Walden (R-OR).
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The Alliance for Green Warmth is a non-revenue that encourages wooden and pellet heating as a reduced-carbon, sustainable and inexpensive energy supply. The Alliance seeks to make wooden warmth a cleaner and a lot more effective renewable energy option, notably for people who are not able to afford fossil fuel heat.

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Widespread Questions and Responses about Wood Heating

Prepared for the Wood Stove Design Challenge by the Alliance for Green Heat
November 1, 2013
Q. How clean can wood heat get?
A. Residential wood and pellet heating is getting cleaner and has the potential to become far cleaner still.  The difference between a clean stove and a dirty stove is partially how it the operator uses it.  One of the main motivations behind the Wood Stove Design Challenge is to encourage more automation so that stoves are more assured to run clean, despite the operator’s behavior.  EPA regulations are likely to require wood stoves to be far cleaner five years from now, but they will still be vulnerable to misuse in the hands of consumers unless innovation can begin to mitigate that problem.

Q. How many homes use wood heat and where are they?
A. There are about 12 million households that heat wood and pellet stoves of which about 2.3% use it as a primary or sole heat source.  The top 10 states that have Congressional districts with the highest number of wood and pellet heaters are, in descending order: Maine, Vermont, Arizona, Michigan, Montana, California, Wisconsin, Oregon, New Mexico and New York. The large majority of wood heaters are in rural and suburban areas.  US Census data shows that only 3% of homes that use wood as a primary heating source are in urban areas. 39% were in suburban areas and 58% were in rural areas. 
Q. Does the Alliance for Green Heat support incentives for stoves?
A. Yes, we especially advocate for incentives and rebates for the cleanest pellet stoves, but smart incentives can also be designed for wood stoves. Maine and Oregon have innovative incentive programs for stoves that include efficiency criteria. And, Maryland has a model program that gives incentives for the cleanest stoves to families who heat with oil, propane or electricity.  Since almost all urban and suburban homes in Maryland have access to gas, this focuses new installations in rural areas and helps those families with the highest heating bills to access a more affordable and renewable fuel. More info.
Q. Does the Alliance for Green heat ever support banning new installations of wood stoves?
A. Yes. A number of major urban areas, such as Denver and valley towns that experience weather inversions that trap smoke have banned the new installation of wood stoves and we support that.  We believe that air quality agencies only ban the new installation of wood stoves when other measures are not practical, affordable or effective enough.  However, some areas have air quality problems with wood smoke because they have neglected the issue and could have managed it better in past years so that a ban may not be necessary.  We almost always support allowing the very cleanest pellet stoves to be installed. 
Q. Where does the wood come from?
A. Several studies, including one from the USDA, say that the majority of people who heat their wood harvest or gather it themselves.  Many cut live, dead or downed wood from their own land or from nearby state or federal land that allow firewood gathering.  Firewood vendors are often tree trimmers, or they buy logs from commercial loggers that were not marketable as saw logs for lumber.
Q. How can we know that firewood is sustainably harvested?
A. Because most of it is gathered by the homeowner, or sold by very small mom and pop operations, most firewood comes from very small-scale, decentralized operations that are unlikely to pose significant sustainability issues.  The only report we have seen of significant unsustainable practices came from an operation in California that was making bundled, kiln dried firewood packaged that could be transported nationally and is mostly used in fireplaces, not wood stoves.
Q. Isn’t wood heating likely to continue its historic decline since the 1930?
A. No, wood is experiencing a significant comeback.  When the Census started tracking wood heating in 1950, more than half of homes heated with coal and nearly a quarter with wood.  Wood and coal heating declined drastically (with coal continuing its decline and heating less than .1% of homes nationally) and wood bottomed out in 1970 when only 1.3% of homes used it as a primary heating fuel. Wood spiked after the 1973 oil embargo to 4% of homes nationally, and today is at 2.3%.  Wood use is closely tied to prices of competing fuels, and rises in oil, propane and electricity prices can move many homes back to wood. More info.
Q. Isn’t heating with wood simply too much work and too messy for most people?
A. Urban populations tend to avoid wood heating, but nationally wood and pellets are the fastest growing heating fuel between 2000 and 2013, according to the US Census.  Using wood pellets offers a much easier, cleaner and more automated option and modern more efficient wood stoves use far less wood. In rural areas, wood heating has great resilience because wood is so abundant, affordable and many people enjoy it as a heat source.
Q. How many people could sustainably heat with wood or pellets?
A. We think 5 – 10% of American homes could heat with wood or pellets as a primary fuel, compared to the 2.3% who use it as a primary fuel today.  While we think the number of homes using wood or pellets for primary heating could double or triple in the next 5 – 10 years, it could also cause rises in the prices of pellets and cordwood which have been more stable than fossil fuel prices.  In Vermont, about 15% of homes already use wood or pellets as a primary source of heat and about 50% use it as a secondary source of heat.   The limiting factor is emissions now, not availability of wood.  A rapid rise of pellet heating would be much more manageable than a rapid rise in wood, unless a new breed of automated wood stoves could operate more consistently in the emission range of cleaner pellet stoves.
Q. How clean are certified stoves compared to older, uncertified ones?
A. Average emissions from older, uncertified stoves are around 20 – 30 grams per hour and average emissions for EPA certified stoves are about 3 – 4 grams per hour. The problem is exacerbated because for every certified stove there are still 3 uncertified ones in operation. However, these are emissions based on lab tests using seasoned wood.  In the hands of consumers, certified stoves can burn dirtier than uncertified ones if the homeowner uses unseasoned wood, does not give the stove enough air and/or doesn’t use enough kindling to get a hot fire started quickly. 
Q. How much energy do wood and pellet stoves make in a year? And compared to solar?
A. Space heating by wood and pellet stoves make almost 10% of all residential space heating in the US per year, according to the EIA.  The EIA’s 2013 Annual Energy Outlook says wood and pellets made .45 quadrillion Btus per year for space heating, which is more than propane and almost as much as heating oil for space heating.   One reason that wood stoves save consumers so much money is that aside from the cost of fossil heating fuels, the fans and pumps on our fossil fuel furnaces and boilers consumer .13 quadrillion Btus a year, as much as all washing machines and dishwashers in the US.  Wood and pellet heating make 40% of the energy made by ethanol used in gasoline blending, according to the EIA, without virtually any subsidies. In a more relevant comparison, wood and pellets make .45 quadrillion Btus per year for residential space heating and solar panels make the equivalent of .15 quadrillion Btus for residential electric use, again without any significant subsidy.  See EIA report here.
Q. If wood and pellet stoves make so much more energy than residential solar without subsidies, why is there so little policy focus?
A. Existing wood stoves are widely seen as not clean enough to incentivize in a broad way, but the lack of policy focus and incentives on pellet stoves and boilers is more difficult to explain.  Generally, the lack of policy focus at the federal and state level has hindered technology advancement.  In Europe, wood and pellet heating receive much more policy, incentive and R&D parity with other renewables.  In Italy alone, 1.7 million high efficiency pellet stoves have been installed since 2012 compared to less than 100,000 in the US. The absence of an Energy Star program, a green label or even any requirement to measure and report efficiency, leaves manufacturers with few incentives to build extremely clean and efficient appliances and leaves the public with virtually no way of knowing which appliance will save them more money. For more.
Q. What types of technology will be at the Decathlon?
A. The Decathlon will feature several distinct kinds of technology that will be competing against each other.  There are 3 masonry stoves, whose designs originate centuries ago but have been finely tuned in recent years.  There are 2 somewhat similar hybrid stoves that mix secondary and catalytic combustion systems and have among the very lowest emissions and highest efficiency of existing EPA certified stoves. Four stoves are controlled electronically through oxygen and/or temperature sensors.  One is a German downdraft model and one is a modified dragon stove design.  There will also be a range of innovative stoves, equipment and components in the exhibition area.
Q. If automated wood stoves are practical and so much cleaner, why aren’t they already on the market?
A. A few of them are, but so far the sensors and automated technologies are still mostly confined to the high-efficiency indoor wood boilers made in Europe and starting to be made in the US.  The next step is moving that technology from the basement to the living room.  Here is one analysis as to why American stove manufacturers have been resistant to integrating automation.
Q. What do mainstream environmental groups think about wood heating?
A. Most of the big environmental groups do not have much informational or policy focus on wood stoves, if any at all.  There are regional groups that have mobilized around the pollution from outdoor wood boilers, an incredibly low-tech, high impact technology that is often very polluting.  And there is a now a campaign being run by the Dogwood Alliance and NRDC against using wood for electricity and especially against exporting wood pellets to Europe to make electricity.  The Environmental Defense Fund recently joined in a suit to require the EPA to expeditiously promulgate their new residential wood heating regulations. 
Q. Shouldn’t the focus should be on replacing older, uncertified stoves and on changing them out for newer, certified stoves?
A. Partly.  Changeout programs can be very effective, especially in small valley towns, where every single wood stove makes a difference in the local airshed. Regulations banning the installation of exempt, uncertified or unqualified units are also very effective and should be a precondition to change out programs.  We also think regulations requiring new stoves to meet stricter emissions requirements are equally important.  More info.
Q. What do new EPA regulations hold in store for wood stoves?
A. The EPA is in the process of promulgating new regulations for residential equipment for the first time since 1988.  Currently, the regulations are undergoing review at the OMB.  Recently, a group of states and environmental groups sued the EPA to ensure that these regulations were not delayed.  One of the biggest positive impacts is that it will end the exempt categories such as outdoor wood boilers and some wood stoves, which have not been regulated.  Wood and pellet stoves are likely going to be required to meet a 4.5 gram an hour standard as of late 2014 and down to a 1.3 gram an hour after 5 years.  More info.
Q. Is there a shift by consumers away from wood stoves and toward pellet stoves?
A. Yes. In 1999, pellet stoves only had an 11% market share and today its closer to 40%, on average.  However, with rural lower income families, wood stoves are still the most popular because families harvest or collect all of some of their fuel on their own, and do not have to pay for it.  For more.
Q. Is there any pending federal legislation that would impact wood heating?
A. Yes. The Biomass Thermal Utilization (BTU) Act of 2013 (S. 1007, H.R. 2715).  The Act would give a 30% tax credit for the installation of wood or pellet stoves or boilers that are 75% efficiency using higher heating value (HHV).  This would likely include up to 25% of existing wood and pellet stoves.  Co-sponsors: Senators King (I-ME), Collins, (R-ME), Shaheen (D-NH), Franken (D-MN), Merkley (D-OR), and Sanders (I-VT), and Representatives Michaud (D-ME2), Welch (D-VT), Gibson (NY-19), Kuster (NH-2), Nolan (MN-8), and Owens (NY-21).  More info and analysis.
Q. Are there any existing federal or state incentives for wood and pellet stoves now?
A. Yes, there is a federal tax credit of $ 300.  More info. And the following states have rebates, tax credits or tax deductions: Idaho, Maine, Maryland, Montana and Oregon. In addition, Massachusetts and New Hampshire have incentives for pellet boilers. More info here and here.

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2012 Census Shows Wood Heating Carries on Development Streak

Alliance for Inexperienced Heat, Sept. 25, 2013 – In accordance to not too long ago released U.S. Census statistics, 63,566 a lot more families utilized wood or pellets as a main heating gasoline in 2012 when compared to 2011, which amounts to an boost of two.six%, creating wood yet again the speediest growing heating gas in The united states.
From 2000 to 2010, wood and pellet property heating grew by 34%, more quickly than any of the other heating fuels, which includes photo voltaic and normal gasoline. Oil and propane use declined among 2000 and 2010, and the decline continued in 2012.
Nowadays, 2.one% of Us citizens use wood or pellets as their principal heating fuel, up from 1.six% in 2000. An additional seven.seven % of U.S. homes use wood as a secondary heating fuel, in accordance to the 2009 EIA Renewable Power Intake Study.
Nearly 2.five million homes use wood as a major heating gasoline, making it, by much, the dominant household supply of renewable energy in the United States. In comparison, only about five hundred,000 of U.S. residences have solar panels and significantly less than fifty,000 use photo voltaic thermal heating. Photo voltaic thermal heating dropped by two% in 2012 from 2011, according to the new Census figures.
The states with the largest development in wood heat from 2011 – 2012 are Delaware (35.one%), Rhode Island (29.6%), Nebraska (24.6%), New Hampshire (eighteen.five%) and New Jersey (seventeen.seven%). Nevertheless, other states seasoned declines. Amid the important wooden heating states of Washington, Oregon and California, the decrease was extremely modest, but there have been far more important declines in Illinois (5.2%), Idaho (five%) and Colorado (4.8%). Above a twelve-year period of time, the prevalence of wood heating has elevated, frequently really significantly, in each and every point out other than Louisiana, Mississippi, Florida and Hawaii.
Considering that the U.S. Census Bureau started tracking heating info in 1950, wooden heating has had wide swings. Starting up at ten% of the population in 1950, it dropped to 1.3% of the population in 1970, an all-time low. By 1990, wood had climbed again to three.9%, only to drop again to one.six% in 2000. The greatest development tale in heating gasoline is electricity, which went from beneath one% in 1950 to 36% today.
The environmental costs of using electrical energy for heating is high in most states, in which the majority of electric power is nonetheless produced with coal. The environmental value of drilling and transporting other fossil fuels like oil and gas can also be high. Wooden heating has an environmental expense from the particulate make a difference in the smoke, especially from more mature stoves in a lot more densely inhabited areas, and, in some states, from increasing numbers of out of doors wood boilers. The EPA has proposed stricter emission expectations for wood and pellet stoves and boilers and the Workplace of Management and Budget is examining them now.
Some of the growth in wooden heating can be attributed to households that previously had stoves, but now use them as primary heaters, as an alternative of a secondary ones. Other homes might have bought and mounted stoves they identified on the second hand market, which is authorized in all states other than Washington and Oregon.
The development toward higher use of wooden and pellets is mainly because of to the reduced running fees compared to oil, propane and electric power. A few states – New Hampshire, Massachusetts and Maine – have offered generous rebates for pellet boilers to assist people substitute costly oil heating programs and keep their heating dollars neighborhood. Maryland recently recognized a rebate for the cleanest wooden and pellet stoves for rural houses that do not have access to organic gas.

For more info on 2012 U.S. Census data and on trends from 2000 – 2010, and more information about wooden heat in the 2000 – 2010 Census.

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Renewable Still left Out of Heating Gasoline Value Reports

For many several years, the federal and condition governments have issued month to month reports on the costs of fuels which includes winter heating fuels so that shoppers, organizations, and the media have accurate info. Typically, this has meant prices of fossil fuels – oil, all-natural fuel, propane, and so forth. Recently four states began to supply price info on a renewable gas – wood pellets: Massachusetts, New Hampshire, Vermont, and Maine.

Advocates for renewable power say it’s been a tough market to get federal government bureaucracies to add wood pellets to their cost studies. The most critical reports occur from the Energy Info Company (EIA), which is component of the Division of Energy (DOE). Nevertheless, the EIA collects their data from states, and unless of course states report on pellet prices, they say they can’t contain it in federal stories.

State power offices are stretched slim and some say they can’t consider the added perform of including a gasoline that might have a lot more price fluctuations and not as many major suppliers who can offer the price tag details. In New York, the New York Biomass Power Alliance, a trade association is endeavor analysis and surveys to help the point out start reporting on pellet rates. Other states where wood and pellets are a popular heating gasoline contain Pennsylvania, the Wonderful Lake states, and the Pacific Northwest.

Fossil fuels have received substantial government subsidies over the decades, but advocates of wooden pellets say that these price tag reviews can be witnessed as an informational subsidy. As federal and point out companies switch gears to consist of a lot more details about renewable power, this could result in considerably less personnel time put in on fossil fuels.

A evident case in point of this is a large profile report the EIA puts out every single fall named the “Winter Fuel Outlook.” This annual report experienced never ever talked about a word about firewood and pellets, America’s 3rd most frequent heating gasoline till previous calendar year. The report has always had substantial info about&nbspheating fuels, such as oil and propane, that supply less Btus to US residences than wood and pellets supply. The Alliance for Environmentally friendly Heat, New Hampshire Senator Jeanne Shaheen, and other people pressed EIA to also consist of renewable fuels. The report did contain some details about wooden and pellets and EIA is very likely likely to enhance their protection in the 2013 report. Visit this website page to read through more on the EIA’s wintertime gas outlook.&nbsp

A coalition of non-earnings and business groups is commencing to contact on state strength workplaces to urge them to contain pellet and wooden rates in their month to month stories. Beneath are details and backlinks to the 4 states that at present report on pellet costs.

New Hampshire’s Business office of Strength and Organizing compares each wooden pellets and cordwood to other fuel types this kind of as all-natural fuel, propane, and gasoline. The price tag/device heat articles/unit (Btu) and cost for every million Btu are all in comparison amongst the different fuel kinds. The data is supposedly released weekly with the latest update being June third, 2013. The site will also have historical gas price tag knowledge as effectively. The OEP notes that the price of firewood bought by the cord can differ extensively based on the spot, time of yr and high quality of the wood currently being sold.

Vermont’s Community Service Division compares BTU/unit, performance, $ /device, and $ /MMBtu between wooden pellets, eco-friendly cordwood, gas oil, normal fuel, propane, and so forth. The information is compiled into month to month reviews from 01/08 to 06/13. Rates are collected on or about the first Monday of every thirty day period and mirror dealer discounts for funds or self-provider. The cord wood details has not been up to date since eleven/eleven.

Maine’s Governor’s Strength Business office conducts a weekly survey of gasoline prices during the peak year in between Oct and March. Info on the price of cordwood and wooden pellets has been archived given that Oct nine, 2012. The survey is unveiled regular monthly throughout the relaxation of the yr. It stories the weekly price averages of oil as compared to organic gasoline, propane, wood pellets, cordwood, and electrical power.

Massachusetts Government Office of Vitality and Environmental Affairs web site offers detailed month to month gas price averages of heating oil, propane, gasoline and diesel. For pellets, it only supplies links to third celebration websites. These sites, of which&nbspwoodpelletprice.com is the most comprehensive, compile wood pellet suppliers in Massachusetts, their contact information, the manufacturers of pellets they sell, the corresponding cost, and the date the value was last updated.

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New Hampshire Moves In direction of On-Invoice Financing for Biomass Heating


Two NH electrical utilities are now making obtainable on-bill funding of renewable vitality systems, which includes higher effectiveness pellet heating methods, at really eye-catching phrases. General public Support of NH and Unitil, which together provide eighty five% of NH ratepayers, administer a system known as Property Functionality with Energy STAR, that makes it possible for substantial effectiveness wooden pellet boilers to qualify for on-monthly bill financing beneath certain circumstances. Terms of the financing are % curiosity for up to 7 a long time and up to $ seven,five hundred. The source of money for these mortgage applications is method rewards charges and Regional Greenhouse Fuel Initiative resources administered in help of vitality effectiveness plans by the utilities, and funded by electrical ratepayers.

Far more details on the PSNH plan is accessible below and right here, and a lot more details on Unitil’s software is accessible here. The PSNH and Unitil programs mirror a extremely constructive trend amid electric utilities towards much more fuel and technologies neutral power assistance plans for their electrical clients.
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