The 2014 Winter season Fuel Outlook launched by the US Power Info Agency on Oct. seven, predicted that wooden and pellet heating would carry on the pattern of becoming the nation’s fasting expanding warmth supply.  Overall, wooden and pellet heating grew 38% from 2004 to 2013, and now accounts for 2.five% of all house principal heating.
The EIA predicts wooden and pellet heating will expand once more in the 2014/15 winter by 4.7%.  Electricity is predicted to increase second quickest at three.one%. Organic fuel is at .07% development and oil and propane are each and every predicted to drop by about 3.two%.  Regional knowledge shows wooden and pellet heating developing more than 7% in the northeast and Midwest, and only two.five% in the south and 1.eight% in the west. It was only two a long time in the past that the EIA started out to contain wooden and pellets in the 2012 Winter Fuel Outlook, even however considerably more residences have wooden and pellet stoves than have oil furnaces.
Nationally, solar and geothermal dominate headlines and media imagery, but wood and pellet heating stay the dominant gamers in minimizing fossil fuel utilization at the residential degree.  In 2014, the EIA says wooden and pellet heat will produce .58 quadrillion Btu, or 67% of the nation’s total, although household solar will generate .twenty five quadrillion Btu, or 29%.  Meanwhile, geothermal creates only .04, or 4%, and is not showing constant increases like solar.
Whilst wood and pellets are the quickest growing heating gas in The united states, residential solar is increasing even faster in the electrical energy market. At current rates, residential photo voltaic could produce a lot more strength than residential wood and pellet stoves by 2020.  Solar has loved generous taxpayer subsidies with a thirty% federal tax credit rating in addition to condition incentives.  The federal solar credit rating is set to expire at the conclude of 2016, but by then the expense of solar panels may have diminished ample for ongoing expansion with out federal subsidies.
Wood and pellet heating and solar are not competing technologies in that 1 generates electricity and the other heat.  They are usually mixed to make a residence practically carbon neutral, a approach which is transferring far more quickly in Europe than in the US due to higher fossil gas costs and favorable govt policies.
In Europe, a lot of international locations are aggressively incentivizing greater effectiveness pellet stoves and pellet boilers.   In the US, the Bush and Obama Administrations did not push for incentives for cleaner and more efficient pellet tools but relatively has permit Congress and industry shape a tax credit score with out any successful efficiency or emission criteria.  As a outcome, the growth in the wood and pellet sector is not predominantly an enlargement of cleaner and far more efficient products, as it is in Europe.  Sales of cleaner pellet stoves are increasing in the US, but the progress of wooden heating in America contains some really polluting products this sort of as outdoor wood boilers, also knows as outside hydronic heaters and new unregulated wooden stoves that have no emissions expectations.  Right after several many years of delays, the EPA is last but not least regulating these systems and necessitating them to meet up with emission specifications by summer time of 2015.
With no successful federal laws from the EPA, some states have been guiding the marketplace towards cleaner and much more effective wood and pellet heating products, with Maine, Maryland, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New York, Oregon and Washington having the guide.