This month, New York became the first state in the country to set a minimum efficiency requirement in an ongoing pellet stove incentive program. The State will now only provide its $ 1,500 – $ 2,000 rebates to pellet stoves that are listed as 70% efficiency (HHV) or higher on the EPA’s list of certified stoves.
Two other states use efficiency values and a third is about to announce a similar change in their program.
Oregon has long provided far higher rebates to stoves with higher efficiency listings on the EPA list of wood and pellet stoves.
Massachusetts’ annual change-out program gives an additional rebate if the stove is listed at 65% or higher on the EPA stove list.
The change in New York’s program
, run by the New York State Energy and Research Development Agency (NYSERDA), will limit the number of currently eligible pellet stoves to about 30 models.
NYSERDA also requires that pellet stoves emit no more than 2 grams an hour and that the home does not have access to natural gas, two requirements that the Maryland rebate program also has.
Last year, NYSERDA gave rebates to help install about 500 pellet stoves and the Maryland program
averages about 800 pellet stoves per year.
In both states, this is a
significant boost to pellet stove sales.
One of the biggest differences between the two programs is that New York requires the trade-in of an old wood stove, unless you are a low income household, but the Maryland program does not.
Part of the motivation by states and programs to require that stoves have an efficiency listed on the EPA list of stoves
is to counter the widespread misinformation provided by manufacturers to consumers.
The Alliance for Green Heat has consistently urged incentive and change out program managers to include efficiency and other best practices
in program design.
This can be particularly problematic with lower income families who may have tried to calculate savings when purchasing a pellet stove, and are relying on manufacturer claims to get one of the higher efficiency stoves.
Incentive and change out programs that give larger amounts to lower income households may be helping those families purchase pellet stoves that are under 60% efficient, saddling them with higher fuel costs for the lifetime of the appliance.
The New York program provides a rebate of $ 2,000 for lower income households compared to $ 1,500 for others, and now protects them from misleading information about efficiencies. A large portion of the NYSERDA rebate recipients are low-income households. Both New York and Massachusetts qualify lower income families if they earn less than 80% of median income. The Massachusetts program was the first to use efficiency in a change out program, giving an additional $ 500 for stoves listed at 65% or higher on the EPA list of certified stoves. Stoves made by manufacturers who do not disclose actual, tested efficiencies to the public are not eligible for the bonus in Massachusetts or for anything in New York. Massachusetts also gives a higher rebate amount if you purchase an automated wood stove.
Many retailers welcome the change, as they are often caught between manufacturer efficiency claims and confused consumers.
However, the main hearth industry association representing residential wood and pellet stoves, the Hearth, Patio & Barbecue Association, continues to resist efforts to use stove efficiency in incentive and change-out programs.
HPBA provided this statement about the changes in the NYSERDA program: “Unfortunately, there are some very clean, and potentially very efficient, pellet stoves that were certified before efficiency data was required by the new NSPS, but NYSERDA’s program requirements exclude them from consumers’ options.”
Of the approximately 30 pellet stoves that are 2 grams an hour or less and 70% efficiency or more, there are a wide range of more expensive brands carried by specialty hearth stores and very inexpensive ones carried by big box stores.
And more than a third emit no more than 1 gram an hour.
The most efficient pellet stoves on the EPA list, from the Italian Extraflame line, are 87% and 85% efficiency, but do not appear to be on the US market yet.
For consumer tips on how to choose a wood or pellet stove, this website
offers advice on stove selection, installation, rebates in your state and how to know when a stove needs replacing.
One of the loopholes in the new EPA regulations about to close
|The cleanest and most efficient
forced air furnace is the Maine
Energy System Auto Pellet Air.
It delivers 89% efficiency.
One of the big loopholes in the new EPA wood and pellet heater regulations is closing this month.
Small forced air furnaces were required to meet new emission regulations in May 2016, but many very small furnaces declared themselves to be large furnaces, giving them until May 2017 to meet the new standards
As of May 16, 2016, all forced air furnaces, large and small, must emit no more than 0.93 lbs per mmBTU of heat output regardless of whether they are wood or pellet units.
Currently, there are six forced air furnaces that are certified, four of which use wood and two of which use pellets.
The average emissions rate ranges between 0.06 to 0.84 lbs, with the average at 0.411 lbs, less than half the current standard.
However, as of 2020, this class of heaters must meet a far stricter standard of 0.15 lbs/mmBTU.
(This is the subject of litigation by the HPBA.)
Only one of the current six models, the Maine Energy System Auto Pellet Air
emits less than 0.15 lbs, but it has to be retested using a different test method to comply with the 2020 standards.
Of the six currently on the market, there is a huge efficiency range, from 48% to 89%. Both ends of the spectrum are listed as pellet heaters. At the top end is the Maine Energy System’s Auto Pellet Air, which was developed by OkoFEN
, a leading pellet boiler company in Austria. At the bottom end is US Stove’s 8500 multi-fuel furnace
(US Stove also has a certified cordwood furnace that has lower emissions and higher efficiency than this pellet model.) The average efficiency of the six
|The US Stove 8500 pellet
furnace is the least efficient
certified furnace at 48%, but sells
for less then $ 3,000.
furnaces is 66%.
At the end of May 2017, it will be clear how which forced air furnaces did not get certified.
There are many more coal furnaces on the market today, compared with 3 or 4 years ago, as some companies have added grates and other slight modifications to outdoor wood boilers and furnaces in order to keep them on the market as coal units.
Coal heaters are still not covered by EPA emission regulations, so renaming a wood boiler or furnace a coal boiler or furnace is still a loophole used by some companies.
Posted by Earth Stove on February 24, 2017 with No Comments
Since the EPA declared stricter emissions rules for wood and pellet stoves, charges increased by an average of 3% more than a two-12 months time period when altered for inflation, based mostly on a evaluation of seventy seven common stove versions. Without having inflation, prices enhanced by an average of four%. The Alliance for Eco-friendly […]
Posted by Earth Stove on January 26, 2017 with No Comments
In the age of Yelp, Facebook, and Angie’s Checklist, thousands and thousands of buyers nevertheless look to the Greater Business Bureau (BBB) for rankings. While the BBB may possibly have lost some of its luster, we have always urged buyers to seek the advice of it when acquiring a new stove. When the Alliance for […]
Enhanced warmth transfer led to significantenhancement in efficiency with outany price tag boost of the EF2. When the EPA commenced submitting genuine efficiencies on its record of qualified stoves, all of sudden customers could see which makes of pellet stoves have been conserving them a lot more cash in gasoline charges and which weren’t. A […]
The following seventy one wood and pellet stoves have been tested by accredited laboratories for efficiency. Buyers should consider acquiring 1 of these stoves if they want a stove that has a trustworthy effectiveness value.  However, with wood stoves, the shown efficiency signifies what shoppers can get if they use dry wooden and give the […]
Patricia Fritz of the NY Office of Wellness andDr. Barbara Panessa-Warren, a nano particle skilledfrom Brookhaven.  Their panel was a single of the most appreciated! Dave Atkins, moderator of the wood stove retrofit panel,introducing Jeff Hollowell, a retrofit builder. Stove set up and set-up prior to the celebration. (Norbert Senf) Marius Wöhler came from Germany […]
Rene Bindig and Niels Wittus,designers of the Pellwood stove. A German designed Wittus stove that is dispersed by a New York company, and a stove created by Seraph Industries, the smallest U.S. pellet stove manufacture, gained very first and next spot in the 2016 Pellet Stove Design and style Challenge.  This was the 3rd Stove […]
Posted by Earth Stove on April 2, 2016 with No Comments
This is an except of a much longer, and more technical paper by Prof. Gael Ulrich’s -“BioCombustion Institute Bulletin #3.” Gael calculated the efficiency of six popular pellet stoves, finding a wide difference. The highest, the Italian made Piazzetta Sabrina was 76% efficient and the lowest was the Enviro M55 Insert at 51% efficient. In […]
Posted by Earth Stove on March 8, 2016 with No Comments
Two New York teams are among the finalists Alliance for Green Heat and the New York State Energy Research and Development Authority (NYSERDA) today announced that seven pellet stoves have been chosen as finalists in the Pellet Stove Design Challenge. This international competition, administered by the Alliance for Green Heat, identifies innovative low emissions and high efficiency pellet stoves for the residential […]