Posted by Earth Stove on January 6, 2018 with No Comments
2017 may not have been the most momentous year for wood and pellet stoves, but every year is full of important stories and these are what we see as the top 10. Think we missed one of 2017’s top stories? Leave a comment.
Warmer winters and lower fossil fuel prices are likely the main causes of continued sluggish sales of wood stoves and inserts in 2017.
Gas appliances continue to gain in popularity.
The 2015 EPA regulations are rarely cited as contributing to the current malaise in the market, and local restrictions are unlikely to have much of an impact either.
The final weeks of 2017 and first week of 2018 brought arctic temperatures to much of the US, boosting sales of both pellets and stoves.
But will it last?
2. Funding for change out programs rolled back
Whoever thought a motorcycle company would deal a big blow to the stove industry?
To be fair, it had little to do with motorcycles and a lot to do with the Trump Administration wanting to do away with out-of-court air quality violations settlements that allowed polluters to pay part of their fine in programs that improve air quality.
Harley Davidson happened to be the poster child of companies willing to support a change out program, but not allowed to do so by the Trump Administration.
That pipeline of funding, up to 10 million a year, is now cut off, dealing another blow to programs seeking to get people to part ways with their old wood stove, and exchange it for a new pellet, gas or wood stove.
3. Congress – lots of expectation but no action
Three key initiatives – the BTU Act, the NSPS delay and the biomass heater tax credit – did not come to fruition in 2017.
All three initiatives remain in play in 2018, but with each passing month, 2018 will get more consumed by the fall election season. The BTU Act would help the entire biomass thermal energy sector and has some key backers, such as Senator Susan Collins (R-ME). The bills to delay NSPS deadlines by 3 years passed committees, largely on party lines.
With the razor thin majority in the Senate, Democratic support for these initiatives may be more important in 2018.
4. Cordwood test methods are on the rise
The ASTM E3053 cord wood test protocol developed largely by industry members was completed and is now an accepted alternative test method.
However, companies don’t appear to be lining up to use it to certify their stoves.
Meanwhile, NESCAUM is taking the lead in designing what they say is a much more realistic cordwood test method as it takes into account more frequent reloading.
That method appears to have EPA’s interest and may be more likely to be referenced by the federal and/or state governments.
5. The renewable energy movement gains steam, helping pellet systems
Despite a President who champions coal and fossil fuels, the renewable energy movement is gaining ground worldwide.
Automated pellet and chip heating systems are being installed more rapidly in Europe and are gaining wider acceptance in the US.
Pellet stoves and boilers are also becoming more recognized in green building circles.
Campuses, towns, cities and states striving to reduce fossil fuel use usually start with electricity and transition to green heating options.
6. Anti-wood smoke groups gain legitimacy
In 2017, we saw a rise of clean air groups campaigning for more restrictions on wood stove installation and use.
Some of the core activists emerged years ago when their communities or homes were subjected to excessive smoke from outdoor wood boilers.
In 2017, the focus shifted more to wood stoves, mostly in communities in the West, but to some extent in the Northeast.
Often, tensions rose over lack of enforcement by local jurisdictions who didn’t have the resources, training and/or political will to deal with those creating excessive smoke.
Overall there is a growing recognition that wood smoke is a serious health concern and debates in local and state forums will likely grow in coming years.
7. Consolidation of stove and pellet plants continues
In the wood and pellet stove world, Hearth & Home Technologies (HHT) did not announce major new acquisitions in 2017, but the company consolidated by moving Quadra-Fire and Vermont Castings production to its Pennsylvania facility.
However, 2017 also saw market share continue to slip away from higher-priced manufacturers like most HHT brands to the lower priced manufacturers that sell from hardware chains.
On the wood pellet front, Lignetics continued its buying spree, finalizing a deal to acquire New England Wood Pellet at the very end of 2017.
8. DOE co-sponsors Wood Stove Design Challenge
After many years of sitting on the sidelines of thermal biomass, the Department of Energy found an entre in the 2018 Wood Stove Design Challenge.
DOE is providing funding and its PR department is issuing news releases, lending greater credibility and a higher profile to the event.
The competition features automated stoves and stoves that produce electricity to supplement wintertime solar PV output, showcasing new roles that wood stoves could play if they run more reliably cleaner in real world settings.
The competition will also showcase cordwood testing protocols and fossil fuel reductions achievable by wood stoves compared to solar panels.
9. NY, MD and MA recognize efficiency in stove programs
In 2017, three states began using efficiency criteria to determine eligibility in incentive or change out programs.
NY now requires pellet stoves to have verified efficiencies on the EPA list of certified stoves.
MD & MA provide higher incentives for stoves with verified efficiencies, as Oregon does, but with a far simpler formulas.
The rampant practice by most manufacturers of providing misleading and exaggerated efficiency values – a practice not tolerated in other HVAC sectors – motivated these states to act.
10. The new EPA wood heater regulations move forward
OK, 2017 was not a big news year for the new heater regulations, known as the NSPS. But in 2017 all large forced air wood furnaces were required to be certified (including smaller ones who pretended to be large to evade certification in 2016). In April, there were only six EPA certified furnaces ranging from 48% to 89% efficiency, now there are 16. 2017 was a pivotal year in that it marked the midpoint between 2015 and 2020, when all heaters must meet stricter emission standards. And, with each passing month, more heaters become 2020 compliant as manufacturers hedge their bets in case Congress, the Administration or the courts do not derail the 2020 deadline. In 2017, some exciting new innovation hit the market, including automated MF Fire Catalyst, the Optima designed just to burn pressed logs and more coming soon.
Did we miss something? Post a comment!
Posted by Earth Stove on September 26, 2017 with No Comments
Retailers say BTU output can be most confusing issue
|Glenn Robinson is one
of many retailers struggling
to help consumers avoid
relying on manufacturer
claims about BTU output.
Glenn Robinson has been selling and installing pellet, wood and coal stoves in Pennsylvania for 11 years, and one of the biggest problems he faces is sizing the stove. “I became tired of false information from manufacturers about how many BTUs they claimed their stoves put out” he said in a recent interview. “Customers see these exaggerated BTU numbers from a small stove and think it will heat their home, but it won’t. The result is that the stove is undersized and there is premature wear and tear. One model from a big name brand would only last for 3 – 4 months before needing repair or even full replacement,” he said.
Glenn is not alone in identifying exaggerated BTU listings as one of the biggest problems consumers face in buying a stove.
Scott Williamson, a Massachusetts pellet installation and repair technician says that he sees stoves “all the time that are being run on high 24/7 and pellet stoves just aren’t designed to do that.”
Both installers say that under sizing of pellet stoves is one of the biggest problems, and urge customers to consider larger (higher BTU output) stoves if they live in average size homes in the northern half of the country and plan to use the stove a lot.
Buying a pellet stove can be a confusing process for consumers. Retailers are likely to push the brands they sell and manufacturer websites don’t tell the whole story.
Objective, third party reviews are rare and often outdated.
Consumer Reports did a pretty good review in 2009
but used very limited criteria and didn’t test for durability.
The Alliance for Green Heat (AGH) also undertook third party testing in 2015 and issued a detailed online report
on some issues including BTU output, maintenance and efficiency. (Like Consumer Reports, AGH conducted completely independent testing by purchasing all the units and doing all of our own testing.)
This blog identifies and discusses six rules for consumers to keep in mind when buying a pellet stove, with a focus on sizing.
This is not an exhaustive list but it’s a good place to start: 1. Don’t undersize, 2. Beware of cheaper stoves, 3. Look for range of heat output, 4. Understand maintenance requirements of the stove, 5. Look for cleaner stoves and 6. Beware of stoves with no efficiency on the EPA list
|AGH tested six popular pellet stoves.
Almost all performed well during
intensive 30 day testing, but did not
live up to some manufacturer claims.
Pellet stoves can be a very effective and affordable way to provide primary or secondary heat for your home without the smoke that wood stoves often create in the hands of the typical user. Wood stoves require lots of work on the fuel side of the equation, but pellet stoves involve more work on the appliance side of the equation.
The Alliance for Green Heat also monitors advertising of pellet stoves and has found over the years that the great majority of companies vastly overrate the amount of heat their stoves put out.
The EPA list of certified wood and pellet stoves
is not perfect but it remains the best source of BTU output for consumers.
Most EPA-certified pellet stoves are listed as producing a maximum of 25,000 – 40,000 Btu and minimum of 7,000 – 13,000 Btu. The average pellet stove on the EPA list, according to data provided by third party test labs, put out a maximum of approximately 31,800 Btu and a minimum of approximately 10,050 Btu.
The stove with the highest maximum Btu on the EPA list is the Harman P68 at 53,500 Btu (advertised at 71,200 Btu input
When a stove manufacturer lists Btu input, it refers to amount of Btus in the fuel, if you were to get 100% of those Btus into the room.
But the average pellet stove is around 73% efficiency, which means you will get 73% of the fuel’s potential heat into the room.
(This is similar to the AFUE – the annual fuel utilization efficiency – that is used on gas and oil boilers and furnaces.)
The stove with the lowest maximum Btu is the Thelin Gnome pellet stove that puts out up to 9,000 Btus.
However the company advertises three times that – 27,000 Btus – without any explanation.
Manufacturers usually exaggerate Btu, thinking that it will make their stoves more attractive, but in the case of the Thelin Gnome, there are people looking for stoves to heat very small places and the exaggerated Btu output may make them think even the Gnome is too big.
Here are six critical things for consumers to keep in mind when purchasing a pellet stove:
1. 1. Don’t undersize
. If the stove is going to be your primary heat source you will likely need a medium or large pellet stove, even if a smaller unit advertises high BTU output.
Ignore BTU numbers on manufacturers websites and literature and check the EPA list.
The maximum output for pellet stoves is in the 30,000 – 50,000 range, enough to heat all or most of a small or medium house in most climates. “Don’t plan to run the stove all the time at its highest setting,” warns Scott Williamson “or you will be calling someone like me to fix it quicker than you think.”
When we tested six popular pellet stove models
, we calculated an output of no more than 21,000 BTUs, far below what the EPA listed and even farther below what manufacturers claimed.
(It is possible to oversize the stove and that can be a problem, but is not nearly as common as under sizing.
“For example, the Harman P68 is notorious for being installed in small areas like mobile homes but they gunk up when they aren’t allowed to get up to temperature for a bit before they shutdown,” says Scott Williamson.)
2. 2. Beware of cheaper stoves
. There are some good budget wood stoves on the market, but with pellet stoves, you are more likely to get what you pay for than with wood stoves.
“If you want a reliable stove that puts out a lot of heat, we urge customers to ignore pellet stoves under $ 2,500,” says Glenn Robinson.
Scott Williamson generally agrees but has seen some basic stoves like the Pel Pro and Englander hold up pretty well.
3. 3. Check for range of heat output
Most stoves can put out about 3.5 times more heat at their highest setting, compared to their lowest.
Some stoves have a tiny range, putting out only 1.5 times more heat at their highest setting.
If you live in a more moderate climate, in the early fall and late spring, you may want just a little heat, and still have the capacity for much greater heat output on the coldest days and nights of winter.
All other things being equal in a stove, you may want a stove with a larger range of heat output and you can check the range of all stoves on the EPA list
of certified stoves. In our tests
, we found that the Enviro M55 insert ran continuously for an impressive 49 hours on its lowest setting with a tested hopper size of 60 pounds and it ran for 22 hours on its higher setting.
However, with a 37-pound hopper, the Englander 25 PDVC only rain for 15 hours on its lower setting and 13 hours on its highest setting, indicating a very low turn down ratio.
|4. 4. Understand maintenance requirements.
If you don’t clean your stove regularly and have it professionally serviced once a year, don’t expect high BTU output. Most consumers get subpar performance from stoves and have to repair them more often because they are not maintaining their stoves according to the owner’s manual. Pellet stoves are not like wood stoves: they have lots of moving parts and need cleaning of the burn pot and inside the stove on weekly, and depending on the stove, a daily basis. Pellet stoves that are not cleaned regularly can lose 10% or more of their efficiency – and their heat output, and lead to costlier repairs. Understand the daily, weekly and annual maintenance requirements from the start and don’t put them off. When we tested six popular pellet stoves, we found that the three more expensive ones (Harman, Quadra-Fire and Enviro) could go for a week or more without cleaning the burn pot. However, the Englander, Ravelli and Piazzetta needed daily burn pot cleanings.
5. 5. Look for cleaner pellet stoves.
Pellet stoves are far cleaner
than wood stoves, even if they both have the same particulate matter in grams per hour.
Particulate matter is the tiny stuff that smoke is made out of and pellet stoves should not have any visible smoke after the 3-minute start up.
The average pellet stove used to put out about 2 grams of particulate per hour.
But since the new EPA regulations took effect in 2015, the average pellet stove emits about 1.3 grams per hour that makes pellet stoves more suitable in more densely populated suburban and even urban areas.
Choosing a cleaner pellet stove means a cleaner flue pipe and cleaner air around your and your neighbors’ homes.
6. 6. Beware of stoves without an efficiency on the EPA list
. As with BTUs, manufacturers routinely exaggerate the efficiency
of their stoves on their websites, so if efficiency and saving money is important to you, check the EPA list of stoves for efficiency ratings.
The problem is some companies still haven’t reported their efficiency to the EPA, so you may only want to purchase a stove that has an efficiency listing on the EPA list.
Pellet stoves with listed efficiencies range from 58 to 87% efficiency, but those not listed could be even lower, drastically increasing your heating costs.
The EPA list includes some slightly exaggerated efficiency numbers, but they are not nearly as exaggerated as manufacturer websites and literature. The EPA used to allow companies to calculate efficiency based on a default of 78% efficiency, even though most pellet stoves are below that, explains Ben Myren, who runs one of the stove test labs approved by the EPA. The result is a 5-10% exaggeration of some stoves on the EPA site, something that the EPA has not publicly acknowledged. (Some incentive and change out programs
– Maryland, Massachusetts, New York and Oregon – require that the stove have an efficiency listed on the EPA list to get the full rebate.)
Appreciating these six factors are likely to help you make a better decision, but we also encourage consumers to rely on feedback from friends, neighbors and others who own pellet stoves. One site that can be helpful for research is hearth.com
A final note of caution is to take advertised hopper size with a grain of salt.
Most manufacturers also exaggerate hopper size.
Of the six models we tested, Harman and Ravelli exaggerated their hopper size
by 15 – 18%, while Enviro didn’t exaggerate at all.
Choosing a stove with an advertised hopper size of 50 – 60 pounds can be a good idea, as it means the hopper will likely hold 45 – 55 pounds and you can empty an entire 40 pound bag in it when its low.
This month, New York became the first state in the country to set a minimum efficiency requirement in an ongoing pellet stove incentive program. The State will now only provide its $ 1,500 – $ 2,000 rebates to pellet stoves that are listed as 70% efficiency (HHV) or higher on the EPA’s list of certified […]
One of the loopholes in the new EPA regulations about to close The cleanest and most efficientforced air furnace is the MaineEnergy System Auto Pellet Air.It delivers 89% efficiency. One of the big loopholes in the new EPA wood and pellet heater regulations is closing this month. Small forced air furnaces were required to meet […]
Posted by Earth Stove on February 24, 2017 with No Comments
Since the EPA declared stricter emissions rules for wood and pellet stoves, charges increased by an average of 3% more than a two-12 months time period when altered for inflation, based mostly on a evaluation of seventy seven common stove versions. Without having inflation, prices enhanced by an average of four%. The Alliance for Eco-friendly […]
Posted by Earth Stove on January 26, 2017 with No Comments
In the age of Yelp, Facebook, and Angie’s Checklist, thousands and thousands of buyers nevertheless look to the Greater Business Bureau (BBB) for rankings. While the BBB may possibly have lost some of its luster, we have always urged buyers to seek the advice of it when acquiring a new stove. When the Alliance for […]
Enhanced warmth transfer led to significantenhancement in efficiency with outany price tag boost of the EF2. When the EPA commenced submitting genuine efficiencies on its record of qualified stoves, all of sudden customers could see which makes of pellet stoves have been conserving them a lot more cash in gasoline charges and which weren’t. A […]
The following seventy one wood and pellet stoves have been tested by accredited laboratories for efficiency. Buyers should consider acquiring 1 of these stoves if they want a stove that has a trustworthy effectiveness value.  However, with wood stoves, the shown efficiency signifies what shoppers can get if they use dry wooden and give the […]
Patricia Fritz of the NY Office of Wellness andDr. Barbara Panessa-Warren, a nano particle skilledfrom Brookhaven.  Their panel was a single of the most appreciated! Dave Atkins, moderator of the wood stove retrofit panel,introducing Jeff Hollowell, a retrofit builder. Stove set up and set-up prior to the celebration. (Norbert Senf) Marius Wöhler came from Germany […]
Rene Bindig and Niels Wittus,designers of the Pellwood stove. A German designed Wittus stove that is dispersed by a New York company, and a stove created by Seraph Industries, the smallest U.S. pellet stove manufacture, gained very first and next spot in the 2016 Pellet Stove Design and style Challenge.  This was the 3rd Stove […]