Government Report Says Wood & Pellet Heat Dominates Residential Renewables

The 2014 Winter Fuel Outlook released by the US Energy Information Agency on Oct. 7, predicted that wood and pellet heating would continue the trend of being the nation’s fasting growing heat source.  Overall, wood and pellet heating grew 38% from 2004 to 2013, and now accounts for 2.5% of all home primary heating.
The EIA predicts wood and pellet heating will grow again in the 2014/15 winter by 4.7%.  Electricity is predicted to grow second fastest at 3.1%. Natural gas is at .07% growth and oil and propane are each predicted to drop by about 3.2%.  Regional data shows wood and pellet heating growing more than 7% in the northeast and Midwest, and only 2.5% in the south and 1.8% in the west. It was only two years ago that the EIA started to include wood and pellets in the 2012 Winter Fuel Outlook, even though far more homes have wood and pellet stoves than have oil furnaces.

Nationally, solar and geothermal dominate headlines and media imagery, but wood and pellet heating remain the dominant players in reducing fossil fuel usage at the residential level.  In 2014, the EIA says wood and pellet heat will produce .58 quadrillion Btu, or 67% of the nation’s total, while residential solar will produce .25 quadrillion Btu, or 29%.  Meanwhile, geothermal produces only .04, or 4%, and is not showing steady increases like solar.
While wood and pellets are the fastest growing heating fuel in America, residential solar is growing even faster in the electricity marketplace. At current rates, residential solar could produce more energy than residential wood and pellet stoves by 2020.  Solar has enjoyed generous taxpayer subsidies with a 30% federal tax credit in addition to state incentives.  The federal solar credit is set to expire at the end of 2016, but by then the cost of solar panels may have decreased enough for continued growth without federal subsidies.
Wood and pellet heating and solar are not competing technologies in that one produces electricity and the other heat.  They are often combined to make a home virtually carbon neutral, a process which is moving far faster in Europe than in the US due to higher fossil fuel prices and favorable government policies.  
In Europe, many countries are aggressively incentivizing higher efficiency pellet stoves and pellet boilers.   In the US, the Bush and Obama Administrations did not push for incentives for cleaner and more efficient pellet equipment but rather has let Congress and industry shape a tax credit without any effective efficiency or emission criteria.  As a result, the 38% growth of wood and pellet heating since 2004 documented by the EIA is not predominantly an expansion of cleaner and more efficient equipment, as it is in Europe.  Sales of cleaner pellet stoves are rising in the US, but the growth of wood heating in America includes some very polluting equipment such as outdoor wood boilers, also knows as outdoor hydronic heaters and new unregulated wood stoves, neither of which have emissions standards.  After many years of delays, the EPA is finally regulating these technologies and requiring them to meet emission standards by summer of 2015. 
Without effective federal regulations from the EPA, some states have been guiding the market toward cleaner and more efficient wood and pellet heating equipment, with Maine, Maryland, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New York, Oregon and Washington taking the lead.

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Federal government Report States Wood & Pellet Heat Dominates Household Renewables

The 2014 Winter season Fuel Outlook launched by the US Power Info Agency on Oct. seven, predicted that wooden and pellet heating would carry on the pattern of becoming the nation’s fasting expanding warmth supply. &nbspOverall, wooden and pellet heating grew 38% from 2004 to 2013, and now accounts for 2.five% of all house principal heating.
The EIA predicts wooden and pellet heating will expand once more in the 2014/15 winter by 4.7%. &nbspElectricity is predicted to increase second quickest at three.one%. Organic fuel is at .07% development and oil and propane are each and every predicted to drop by about 3.two%. &nbspRegional knowledge shows wooden and pellet heating developing more than 7% in the northeast and Midwest, and only two.five% in the south and 1.eight% in the west. It was only two a long time in the past that the EIA started out to contain wooden and pellets in the 2012 Winter Fuel Outlook, even however considerably more residences have wooden and pellet stoves than have oil furnaces.

Nationally, solar and geothermal dominate headlines and media imagery, but wood and pellet heating stay the dominant gamers in minimizing fossil fuel utilization at the residential degree. &nbspIn 2014, the EIA says wooden and pellet heat will produce .58 quadrillion Btu, or 67% of the nation’s total, although household solar will generate .twenty five quadrillion Btu, or 29%. &nbspMeanwhile, geothermal creates only .04, or 4%, and is not showing constant increases like solar.
Whilst wood and pellets are the quickest growing heating gas in The united states, residential solar is increasing even faster in the electrical energy market. At current rates, residential photo voltaic could produce a lot more strength than residential wood and pellet stoves by 2020. &nbspSolar has loved generous taxpayer subsidies with a thirty% federal tax credit rating in addition to condition incentives. &nbspThe federal solar credit rating is set to expire at the conclude of 2016, but by then the expense of solar panels may have diminished ample for ongoing expansion with out federal subsidies.
Wood and pellet heating and solar are not competing technologies in that 1 generates electricity and the other heat. &nbspThey are usually mixed to make a residence practically carbon neutral, a approach which is transferring far more quickly in Europe than in the US due to higher fossil gas costs and favorable govt policies. &nbsp
In Europe, a lot of international locations are aggressively incentivizing greater effectiveness pellet stoves and pellet boilers. &nbsp&nbspIn the US, the Bush and Obama Administrations did not push for incentives for cleaner and more efficient pellet tools but relatively has permit Congress and industry shape a tax credit score with out any successful efficiency or emission criteria. &nbspAs a outcome, the growth in the wood and pellet sector is not predominantly an enlargement of cleaner and far more efficient products, as it is in Europe.&nbsp Sales of cleaner pellet stoves are increasing in the US, but the progress of wooden heating in America contains some really polluting products this sort of as outdoor wood boilers, also knows as outside hydronic heaters and new&nbspunregulated wooden stoves that have no emissions expectations.&nbsp Right after several many years of delays, the EPA is last but not least regulating these systems and necessitating them to meet up with emission specifications by summer time of 2015.&nbsp
With no successful federal laws from the EPA, some states have been guiding the marketplace towards cleaner and much more effective wood and pellet heating products, with Maine, Maryland, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New York, Oregon and Washington having the guide.

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Last Report on Wood Stove Decathlon from Brookhaven Lab

Reproduced underneath are the absract and introduction of a seventeen-website page paper that provides an excellent overview of the specialized aspects of screening stoves on the Nationwide Mall for the Wood Stove Decathlon, held in November 2013. &nbspTo go through the whole report, click on listed here.

Progressive good particulate measurement systems for the Wood Stove Design Problem&nbsp
R. Trojanowski1, T. Butcher1, C. Brown1, G. Wei1, Y. Ahn2 , and J. Wong2&nbsp
one. Vitality Conversion Team, Brookhaven National Laboratory, Upton, New York, United states of america&nbsp
two. Chemical and Molecular Engineering Office, Stony Brook College, Stony Brook, New York, United states of america&nbsp
Summary&nbsp
The increasing price of fossil assets has contributed to the enhance in the amount of wooden-fired household heating appliances. Wood stoves are typically neglected by the community as a cleanse and renewable source owing to worries about particulate (PM) emissions. In purchase to achieve acceptance in the market the Alliance for Eco-friendly Heat and
Popular Mechanics magazine initiated a Wooden Stove Style Challenge (WSDC). The selected groups created stoves that included the greatest methods in style and procedure to maximize performance and reduce PM and carbon monoxide (CO) emissions given that most frequently high emissions are noticed as a result of incomplete combustion. Additional, a screening protocol for the obstacle was produced exclusively to measure the emissions in a non-laboratory environment. Normal screening procedures may possibly not be agent of in-use fuel and operational techniques and, thanks to the opposition location and timetable contstraints, could not be utilised for the WSDC. New transportable PM sampling technology introduced in the European market place recently was adopted for the competitors and evaluated to present U.S. PM measurement approaches to construct a correlation.&nbsp
INTRODUCTION

Tom Butcher makes use of the Wohler transportable
particulate sampler to test a stove.
&nbspAs the value of heating oil has improved, much more people in the northeastern location of the United States have returned to heating with wooden. Most present wooden stoves date from ahead of the Environmental Security Agency (EPA) carried out emission certification demands for these products. These much less effective wooden stoves often cause higher amounts of smoke, yielding particulates identified to set off coughs, throat and mucosal irritation, acute respiratory bacterial infections, occurrence of asthma and other conditions over extended exposure. A evaluation from Bølling et al. described residential wood combustion has also been reported to contribute substantially to raised stages of air air pollution regionally, each with respect to enhanced stages of fine particles (particulate make a difference with an equal aerodynamic diameter &lt 2.5 μm PM2.five), the natural and organic particle portion, particle sure polycyclic fragrant hydrocarbons (PAH) and volatile organic compounds. Even people wooden stoves that do meet up with EPA’s Section II requirements might have unacceptably large emissions once in use. This is thanks to many factors like the style of the equipment,&nbspweather designs and location, combustion exercise, wood species and good quality, and operator habits. Whilst the EPA is establishing new laws, the take a look at strategy used for certification is not representative of in-use fueling and operational procedures.&nbsp
Types that enhance combustion and emission functionality, thermal effectiveness, and operational &nbsp
The Decathlon tent on the Nationwide
Shopping mall, in between the Capitol and
the Washington monument

variability are required in the U.S. heating marketplace. Modern wooden stoves have revealed diminished described emission aspects in contrast to typical wooden stoves, 34-330 mg/MJ from 50-2100 mg/MJ, respectively. Nevertheless, if the modern stoves are not operated appropriately the combustion overall performance can be compromised yielding increased emissions.

This function showcased superior systems that could help tackle the dilemma of enhanced particulate emissions and empower the continued use of wood as a renewable gasoline. The groups chosen arrived from various backgrounds, ranging from set up wooden stove companies to independent inventors and engineering pupil groups. Some of the stoves chosen for the WSDC were controlled by microprocessors and connected to smartphones whilst other folks were extremely-successful stoves primarily based on seventeenth century Scandinavian styles. A number of condition-of-the-art hybrid stoves that are previously on the industry ended up also included4. 6 of the twelve finalists have been from Europe.&nbsp
Groups had been judged on their innovation, emission and effectiveness overall performance, affordability and buyer relieve. In November 2013 on the National Mall in Washington D.C., ten judges (produced up of top experts from Popular Mechanics, the New York State Energy and Research Advancement Authority (NYSERDA), the U.S. Forest Support, Washington Point out Section of Ecology, DOE’s Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL), The Biomass Thermal Strength Council (BTEC), the Osprey Basis, the Masonry Heater Association and UC Berkeley) examined and assessed the 12 stove finalists and announced an all round winner as properly as winners in certain classes.&nbsp
A essential challenge in this opposition was measuring the particulate emissions accurately in a discipline atmosphere. This task sought to create an energy effectiveness and emissions testing protocol for the WSDC which decreases the variability due to gas and functions. The present normal examination strategy (EPA Strategy 28) entails testing stoves utilizing a dilution tunnel. Given that the WSDC was held&nbspat the mall in Washington D.C., this take a look at strategy would not suit and so there was the&nbspchallenge of measuring the emissions in a repeatable actual-time way, in a non-laboratory atmosphere. Just lately, new moveable particulate measurement programs have been launched in Europe for area inspection of biomass heating systems. Two particular products were chosen for use in this project the Testo 380 and Wöhler SM 500. Equally analyzers are a low price selection and supply the advantage of relieve and portability.&nbsp
To establish the precision, precision, instrument variety, and applicability for use in the WSDC for thermal performance and emissions of these transportable immediate evaluate analyzers, an analysis was executed even though at the same time adhering to the regular methods for deciding the emissions. &nbspFrom laboratory screening, BNL created a screening protocol implementing the analyzers for the competition.

To go through the entire PDF report, click right here.

For far more information about the 2013 Decathlon, click here.

For details about the 2014 Collaborative Stove Design Workshop, click here.

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Forthcoming Report on Ideal Methods for Stove Incentive Packages

The Alliance for Eco-friendly Heat was awarded a grant by the University of Maryland Extension (UME) to examine the Maryland wood and pellet stove rebate plan and other point out incentive packages and compose a paper on “best practices” for stove incentive packages.&nbsp The paper would be introduced at a conference, revealed as a UME truth sheet, offered on a UME webinar and posted on the internet sites for UME and the Alliance. &nbspKey states we will search at incorporate Maryland, Maine, New York, Oregon, Washington and Massachusetts. &nbspThe Alliance has worked formerly with the College of Maryland Extension and created a set of wood heating reality sheets.
Background: In the final two several years, numerous states have initiated wood and pellet stove incentive applications and practically all of them have had to make adjustments right after establishing needs that did not work effectively.&nbsp Even though this is a typical part of the studying curve of establishing a system for any appliance or technological innovation, the lessons learned are important for other packages. It is also partly since revolutionary stove incentive applications that consider to target on cleanest or most effective stoves are new and there are not many illustrations to draw from.&nbsp Most states craft their very own system and get components from other states.&nbsp A lot more states are now in the approach of making a plan and could use a roadmap that lays out what labored nicely and what didn’t.&nbsp
Task Description
a.&nbsp&nbsp&nbsp&nbsp We will make contact with present packages to see if they have any info that they can release for us to evaluate.&nbsp At a bare minimum, we will do a entire examination of data that Maryland can share.&nbsp In other states, we will at minimum question for substantial amount details and gather as a lot as achievable from the internet.
b.&nbsp&nbsp&nbsp&nbsp We will assessment general public plan objectives of each software, no matter whether its primarily renewable energy production, smoke reduction, supporting to give inexpensive warmth for rural inhabitants or a mixture of the a few.&nbsp This will also involve interviews with the managers of individuals packages.
c.&nbsp&nbsp&nbsp&nbsp&nbsp We will evaluation the requirements and demands of every single plan in terms of requiring professional set up and outside air, limiting eligibility of stoves by emissions and performance, restricting eligibility by spot or income of home, etc.&nbsp

d.&nbsp&nbsp&nbsp&nbsp We will consider to create average expenses for the installation and/or elimination of each wooden stove, and match that with the advantages.
Why the Alliance?
This venture taps into a core expertise of the Alliance for Eco-friendly Heat.&nbsp We have interactions with the managers of many incentive packages and have supplied suggestions and comments to numerous of them. This report will also be partly an current to a major report&nbspon stove incentives&nbspwe did three years ago that was funded by US Forest Service’s Wood Schooling and Study Middle.&nbsp

The budget for the venture is $ seven,500 and the College of Maryland Extension Support grant handles a 3rd of that.&nbsp

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