Wooden and pellet stove rates increase 3% in wake of new EPA laws


Since the EPA declared stricter emissions rules for wood and pellet stoves, charges increased by an average of 3% more than a two-12 months time period when altered for inflation, based mostly on a evaluation of seventy seven common stove versions. Without having inflation, prices enhanced by an average of four%.

The Alliance for Eco-friendly Heat, an impartial non-revenue targeted on the wooden and pellet heating sector, tracked retail charges for 77 wood and pellet stoves in excess of a two-12 months time period, from February 2015 to February 2017. The EPA introduced new rules on February third and they took effect on May 15, 2015. Even stricter emission boundaries are set for 2020 and the Alliance will continue to monitor charges by way of 2020 and outside of.

We determined seventy seven stoves produced by seven well-liked brand names with varying value points: Jotul, Blaze King, Harman, Quadrafire, Woodstock Soapstone, Hearthstone, US Stove, and Englander.

It is unattainable to explain to how much rules contributed to the 3% cost rise, although every of the 7 makes are likely by way of durations of improved R&ampD as they work toward complying with the 2020 emission limitations. The EPA established a greatest of seven.5 grams an hour in 1990, four.five in 2015 and 2. or two.five grams in 2020. Most stoves currently achieved the 4.5 gram restrict in 2015, but most do not meet up with the 2020 restrictions. It is attainable that some firms are commencing to go those costs alongside to buyers.

There may be steeper cost rises as 2020 ways and organizations have to commence far more intensive R&ampD and certification tests. &nbspHowever, industry is pushing a invoice in Congress to delay the 2020 emission standards to 2023. &nbspThe Fireside, Patio &amp Barbecue Association is also suing the EPA to block the 2020 emission requirements for boilers and furnaces, but not essentially for stoves. &nbspThe monthly bill in Congress is partially created to give the litigation sufficient time to get by means of the courts. &nbsp

We tracked the retail prices of fifty nine wood stoves and 18 pellet stoves making use of the sale or last price of the stove outlined on the retailer’s web site. General, the fifty nine wooden stove retail rates rose an common of four% ($ eighty) or 3% ($ forty five) when accounting for inflation. The pellet stove classification observed a greater average value enhance of 5% ($ 106) or 3% ($ 66) for each stove when accounting for inflation.

  • Four-fifths of the seventy seven wooden and pellet stoves enhanced in value more than the two a long time. Of these, the typical cost enhance was 6% ($ one hundred twenty five) or five% ($ 90) when modifying for inflation.
  • About one-fifth of the seventy seven stoves did not go up in value in between February 2015 and 2017. The vast majority of the Englander and Blaze King models we tracked stayed the exact same cost.
  • Four wood stoves out of seventy seven wooden and pellet stoves — one particular Jotul, two Hearthstone, and one particular US Stove — declined in price tag. The common decrease was 6% ($ 250).

The EPA is needed by law to do an economic regulatory impact evaluation (PDF) and establish if the expenses of the regulation outweigh the positive aspects. The EPA predicted a bit higher retail charges, and as a outcome, a slight decline in demand for new stoves. Nevertheless, on equilibrium they approximated that the general overall health and other benefits vastly outweigh the fees.

Some commentators, members of Congress and editors claimed the EPA laws would make wood stove charges rise sharply and be unaffordable for the average American.

The EPA also is necessary to assess the affect of the regulation on little firms, because much more than 90% of stove producers and stores are little corporations. The U.S. Census Bureau stories that the industry employed fifteen,911 employees in 2011.

Price tag changes by manufacturer and stove type

The wooden stoves with the maximum price tag decreases, Hearthstone’s Bari 8170 and Lima 8150, which declined in value by $ 620 and $ 300 respectively, ended up the priced the highest of any stove on our list in 2015 at $ four,999 and $ 5,299. No pellet stove we tracked declined in price tag in 2017 and the only two pellet stoves did not increase in cost in 2017 (both Englanders priced in between $ one,000 and $ 2,000).

Wooden stove price tag boosts ranged from one% (Hearthstone Castleton 8030 and Craftsbury 8391) to 35% (US Stove’s Big Woodstove). Amid the wooden stoves that increased in cost in between 2015 and 2017, the typical boost was about $ 125 or six% more than the 2015 price. Seven of the 9 pellet stoves that rose in price increased by an even $ one hundred, regardless of their 2015 price tag, which represented a three-4% increase. All five of the Harman pellet stoves, which retailed in between $ 2,999 and $ three,999 retail in 2015, have been outlined $ a hundred larger by the same retailer in 2017.

For the sake of consistency, we only employed stove charges at a single or at most two retailers for every brand name. We employed ultimate or sale charges fairly than “suggested retail price” or “regular price” when offered. The quantity of stoves we selected for every brand name different dependent on the variety of designs available in 2015 and the amount of versions that continued to be bought by that retailer in 2017.

Englander and US Stove experienced some of the most affordable rates stoves we commenced monitoring in 2015, with a median value of about $ 1,000. At about the center ended up the brand names Woodstock Soapstone (median cost of $ two,four hundred), Quadrafire ($ two,550), and Jotul ($ two,seven-hundred). The much more pricey stove brand names integrated our study, dependent on median prices, were Hearthstone ($ 2,900), Blaze King ($ 2,950), and Harman ($ three,000).

Four out of five Blaze King stoves, a few out of 4 Englander wood stoves and all (two) Englander pellet stoves did not increase in cost over these two many years. The sixteen Hearthstone wooden and pellet stoves we tracked declined in value by an typical of one% ($ three.75) per stove, many thanks in excellent part to huge fall in cost for two of the brand’s priciest ($ five,000+) wooden stoves.

As for the manufacturers that increased their charges, Jotul’s 19 wood stoves improved by an average of 3% ($ 79) every. Quadrafire’s and Harman’s wooden and pellet stoves each increased by an average of 4% each and every ($ one hundred and one for Quadrafire, $ 122 for Harman). Harman’s wooden and pellet stoves increased in value by an average of $ 122 for every stove. US Stove and Woodstock Soapstone had the finest common value raises of any brand name at fifteen% each (Woodstock Soapstone has frequent product sales which we did not get into account). US Stove’s stove rates enhanced by an common of $ a hundred and fifty five per stove and Woodstock Soapstone’s enhanced by an regular of $ 408 for each stove.

The EPA regulations had a significantly bigger impact on charges on organizations creating unregulated outdoor wood boilers and unregulated wood furnaces. &nbspPrices for boilers rose at a sharper charge than stoves, although we did not observe individuals costs and cannot offer any estimates.

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Wooden and pellet stove companies boost rankings with the Much better Business Bureau but does it subject?


In the age of Yelp, Facebook, and Angie’s Checklist, thousands and thousands of buyers nevertheless look to the Greater Business Bureau (BBB) for rankings. While the BBB may possibly have lost some of its luster, we have always urged buyers to seek the advice of it when acquiring a new stove.

When the Alliance for Inexperienced Heat reviewed BBB scores for wood and pellet stove companies in 2013, most companies received A scores, but some obtained Bs, one particular obtained a C and one particular acquired an F ranking. As of January 2017, the same businesses all have A+ scores, apart from Fireplace &amp Home Systems, which has a B-.

Does this indicate that stove companies have all grow to be far more trustworthy and reputable or that the BBB has turn out to be less difficult to manipulate? We feel the answer lies far more in the incapability of the BBB to meticulously evaluate every firm. The current scores show the limitations of the aged company ranking product which the BBB was based on. Nevertheless, the BBB still gives some helpful data about stove companies.

Very first of all, appear at which firms are truly accredited by BBB. Only Blaze King, Kuma, and Woodstock Soapstone are accredited, which indicates that they have offered written assurances that they meet up with BBB conditions. That does not essentially indicate a lot, but the Alliance for Green Warmth has independently confirmed that these a few businesses are among the few that buyers can have confidence in to supply correct info on their websites.

Second, previous BBB background is nevertheless essential. US Stove, for illustration, acquired an “F” in 2013, because they experienced “a heritage of violating BBB title and logo plan and falsely mentioned BBB Accreditation (or membership).” (See our 2013 evaluation of BBB stove business scores). The Alliance for Inexperienced Warmth has also highlighted numerous situations of misleading or false advertising and marketing by US Stove, some of which nonetheless proceeds.

It’s crucial to recognize the constraints of the BBB – and to depend on multiple resources. Sadly, Consumer Stories has carried out only a extremely constrained review of pellet stoves and absolutely nothing on wood stoves. The Alliance for Environmentally friendly Heat rates some other overview websites here.

We searched the BBB web site for all significant stove firms and located many of them there. We could find only one European stove company (Jotul) and many Canadian ones. For organizations that personal a number of brands, this kind of as Hearth &amp Property Systems, we identified some of their manufacturers, this sort of as Harman and Vermont Castings, but could not discover other folks, these kinds of as Quadra-fire.

Right here is a chart demonstrating BBB scores as of January 2017:

Sequence 1 marks the variety of fixed complaints. Sequence two marks the number of problems that gained no response. Maintain in head that this only tracks the grievances obtained by the BBB, and there are always many consumer grievances not lodged by way of them. This might point out that customers can get much better responsiveness from a stove manufacturer if they do file the criticism with the BBB.

The factors are included up and a letter quality (A as the greatest, F as the lowest) is assigned accordingly. In order to obtain a great rating, the quantity of buyer complaints that are not responded to have to continue to be lower. The BBB takes into thing to consider whether or not the business makes a fast and truthful hard work to repair the issue and solve the complaint. The reaction of the business can indicate the big difference amongst an A and a B score. For instance, as witnessed in the graph, HHT acquired 27 customer problems. Despite this relatively lower variety, HHT nevertheless acquired a B- due to the fact it seemingly was not sufficiently responsive to some of the complaints. Simply click below to read a complete overview of the BBB grading strategy.

Whilst wood stove organizations fare reasonably nicely on BBB, some other merchandise in the hearth business do not. For case in point, Heat Surge, the Amish “miracle heater” that is intensely marketed and is also a exhibitor at HPBA trade shows currently has a B score and hundreds of complaints submitted in opposition to it. The Alliance for Green Warmth has previously created about the business right here.

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Mapping wooden heating and wood smoke in the United States

Wood heating has created a comeback in the United States and has been the quickest expanding heating gasoline for most several years given that 2005, according to US Census figures. Currently, 2.36 million houses in the United States use wood as a primary heating gas (ACS, 2015, 1-year estimates). And 8.eight U.S. million houses use it as a secondary heating gas (EIA, RECS, 2009). Wood was the dominant residential heating gasoline in the United states until coal started to get in excess of in the eighties. Soon after that, heating oil and then gas turned well-liked. The percent of the inhabitants mainly heating with wood dropped from 23% in the forties, when the US Census first began tracking warmth, to a minimal level of one.3% in 1970, when fossil fuels have been low cost and common.
This map shows PM 2.five emissions from residential wooden combustion by county, in accordance to the 2008 EPA report, “New Methodology for Estimating Emissions from Household Wooden Combustion.” It seems to display the densest concentrations of PM2.5 in Wisconsin and Minnesota in which the most out of doors wooden boilers are manufactured and set up.

This map, from the identical 2008 EPA, report offers further depth on the source of PM 2.5 emissions by equipment sort. Each and every appliance kind is represented by a diverse coloration. Pink represents fireplaces, green signifies fireplaces with inserts, dim blue signifies woodstoves, light blue represents indoor furnaces, magenta represents outside hydronic heaters, and yellow signifies wax/sawdust firelogs. Whilst the terminology is fairly perplexing, the map shows some exciting trends. &nbspFor occasion, wooden stoves emit the greater part of PM in the Northeast, although outdoor hydronic heaters are the premier resource in the Great Lake states (outside wood boilers continued their popularity in these states soon after the 2008 EPA report). Fireplaces with inserts are the biggest emitter in most of the south and California. Indoor furnaces are the most typical resource of PM pollution in Ohio, Indiana, and Illinois.

The next map was produced by the Census Bureau, displaying for every capita use of wooden stoves. It demonstrates 17.eight% of houses in Vermont use wood or pellets as a major heat resource in 2012. Maine had the next greatest share at thirteen.seven% of residences. Out West, Montana has the greatest proportion with nine.two% of residences, followed by Idaho at seven.9% and Oregon at seven.one%. On the US mainland, the states with the the very least wooden heating are predictably Florida, at .2% of the populace and then Texas at .four%.



The Alliance for Green Heat made a map utilizing Census knowledge to present the ongoing progress of wood heating amongst 2000 and 2012. By 2010, the expansion development was properly recognized, owing in portion to the housing crisis and recession. In that period of time, wooden warmth doubled in about ten states, primarily in the Northeast.

This map underneath, manufactured the Alliance for Green Warmth, also employs Census knowledge but breaks down primary wood heating households by Congressional districts. This offers a a lot more detailed look at the geography of wooden heating in contrast to state level specifics. Presumably, a map displaying wooden usage at the county amount could also be created. &nbsp

This final map displays a curious phenomenon in 1950 in which the Census Bureau discovered higher charges of primary wooden heating in southern states than in several northern ones. This is most likely because of to the more quickly penetration of fossil fuels in northern states, while place heaters in southern states, including those in several poor, rural black and white households, continued to run on cordwood.

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A reader responds to the wooden vs. coal discussion

In our Oct newsletter, we reprinted a column by Cory Hatch from the Jackson Gap Information &amp Information. &nbspWe located it to be a thoughtful piece by a individual grappling with energy alternatives and making an attempt to pretty weigh their costs and positive aspects. &nbspWe received a great deal of positive comments about the write-up but one reader, a previous professor of thermodynamics believed it was critical ample to clarify anything the writer said.
The column produced numerous great details, and concluded:
“Right after you factor in the strength and connected emissions it takes to extract, refine and&nbsptransport fossil fuels, wooden begins to seem quite excellent once again. If you harvest trees close to home, firewood is reasonably effective and renewable, even if storing that carbon once again takes some time. Sadly, woodstoves have neighborhood impacts, as well. Chimney smoke includes particulates, nitrogen oxides and other gasses that can degrade air good quality and cause well being difficulties, particularly for individuals with respiratory or cardiovascular condition.”
The author also noted: “according to the Sierra Club, burning coal for electric power is only about 35 per cent successful, whereas a contemporary wood stove is about seventy five %.”
Professor Gael Ulrich took concern with that:
” It is correct that wooden is superior in that it is renewable and not a fossil gas, and it does not have sulfur or other aspects that can be problems in coal stack emissions. &nbspBut his assertion, attributed to the Sierra Club, implying that wooden combustion is 2 times as productive as coal combustion is incorrect. &nbspThe difference is refined and not appreciated by someone with out a background in thermodynamics, but I will try out to make the cause obvious. &nbsp
Changing fuel strength to heat and then to electricity can never be completed with a hundred% efficiency. &nbspEven the most contemporary efficient power vegetation seldom be successful 40%. &nbspHistorically, that basic principle was elucidated by Carnot, and the theoretical maximum feasible is recognized as the Carnot effectiveness. &nbspIn brief, electrical power or “saved work” is a greater sort of strength than heat. &nbspConverting “heat” to “work” constantly signifies an vitality decline manifest as “waste heat.”&nbsp
Coal electrical power plants possibly do not do a lot much better that 35% as recommended, but wood-fired&nbspelectricgenerators&nbspare even less productive (for factors that would call for much more rationalization). &nbspConverting the vitality articles of coal to heat can, on the other hand, be carried out with high effectiveness, matching or exceeding that of biomass combustors. &nbsp
Thus, the assertion as worded in Hatch’s column is misleading. &nbspHis arguments relating to international warming, and many others. are okay. &nbsp
I believed you might be fascinated in the error in case someone else has not presently referred to as it to your focus.”
Periodically we publish substantive remarks such as this 1 on our website. Scores of shorter remarks are left on our Facebook internet site. &nbspIf you have a longer substantive comment, we are unable to guarantee to publish it but please do not be reluctant to ship to information@forgreenheat.org.

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Downdraft Wooden Stoves: Consumers Beware

The simplicity of the non-catalytic stove helps make it the most well-known sort of stove in North The united states by much.&nbsp With most non-cats, the buyer only requirements to fret about a one lever to regulate the quantity of air in the firebox.&nbsp But some shoppers unwittingly buy a extremely unique sort of non-cat, a &nbspdowndraft stove, and often regret it.

These days there are only a handful of downdraft stoves on the marketplace, Most have been pushed apart by non-cat stoves with air tubes that reburn smoke as it exits the firebox.&nbsp The downdraft stove works with a next lever that engages a by-move damper which forces the smoke down into a chamber the place heat can reburn it ahead of it goes again up the chimney.&nbsp
Nearly all stoves on the industry today do not consider to get smoke to go down, but rather try out to reburn it on its journey upward with secondary air launched by way of holes in tubes or in higher wall of stove – or with a catalyst. Hybrids use the two tubes to inject for secondary air and a catalyst. &nbsp(Click below for a lot more on cat, non-cat and hybrid stoves.)
Downdraft stoves tend to be finicky, require to be really sizzling to function appropriately and are far more inclined to leaking smoke into the property.&nbsp Most buyers must not take into account them until they know what they are obtaining into and are ready to be a lot a lot more engaged with their stove.&nbsp The same can be said about catalytic stoves.&nbsp Customers should comprehend that they need to know how to use the next lever that engages the by-move damper and from time to time check the catalyst, and exchange it when it requirements replacing.

Stove modify out applications, that switch out outdated stoves with new, EPA certified types could want to exclude downdraft stoves from eligible replacements as they could be the most difficult class of stove to operate regularly without having seen smoke.

The downdraft stove turned common in the 1980s when Vermont Castings employed it to extract much more heat from a stove and to support go the emission testing required by the state of Oregon, and later by the EPA. &nbspThe by-go damper aided sluggish down the hearth, create turbulence, and extract a lot more warmth from the very hot gases ahead of they went up the stack. The Resolute Acclaim, a single of the most well-known wooden stoves of the final century, was a downdraft stove.&nbsp It clocked in at 3.4 grams for each hour and ongoing selling via the 2000s, but has given that been taken out of creation.
Today, there are a handful of downdraft stoves on the industry, including the Lopi Leyden and the Avalon Arbor (which are evidently the same stove).&nbsp The&nbspHarman TL300 is also a downdrafter and Vermont Castings still has one particular or two.
The authentic Frankin stove
was a downdraft with no
front door and typically
created for a smoky house.

Downdraft stoves have existed for centuries in numerous patterns. The authentic stove invented by Ben Franklin also experienced a downdraft included into the layout, and it is a single of the causes that the stove was so finicky and disfavored by the greater part of buyers. Franklin himself admitted that the stove was tough to function and took lots of interest and was not anything that “could be left to the servants.” &nbspLater iterations of the Franklin stove included a doorway and most received rid of the downdraft.

Customer feedback
Hearth.com is a leading chat place for wood stove specialists and rookies alike. It consists of a good deal of very good suggestions on downdraft stoves:
– “The creosote smell when closing the bypass is not an uncommon situation with the downdrafting stoves. I’ve seen Harman stove owners complain with it as nicely. I will often get it. Occasionally not. It is not noxious, just a faint odor that I can do with out. CO keep track of pays it no head.”
– “I want a team of downdrafters could get their heads collectively on this a single and figure out what is likely on. It really is a frequent problem to different stoves. Possibly that box complete of smoke is permitting some escape at the joints.”
– “I’ve smelled it when the draft was robust, but typically it comes when the flue has begun to awesome down a little. Loading lid was a key suspect, but I regasketed it and sat a solid iron pot on there.”
– “Downdraft stoves are notoriously fussy and demanding of a robust draft.”
– “The Leyden has gone through a handful of modifications of the several years. There are some ports that require complete cleaning “Regular monthly” as properly and they are not effortless to get to. Make certain these ports are cleaned frequently. Your guide shows how to do this properly.”
– “These stoves have to be critically very hot to perform.”
– “I occasionally get a bit of smoke when loading. Mainly due to the fact I am way too lazy to do it proper. Once more, operate the stove as developed and if it will not perform, get a appear at the flue, check out for ash buildup, etc.. … your flue style is gonna be a tough one.”
– “I don’t want to melt your stove down, but my hunch is that you might be not acquiring it sizzling enough on a three-four” coal mattress.”
– “Is the wooden really properly seasoned? That is very important with this stove as is a good draft.”
– “I would try working your stove leading temperature a small larger (650-seven-hundred) prior to you go to secondary melt away, generally you get some fall in stovetop temperature when you near the damper.”
– “The Lopi Leyden is a extremely problematic stove. You don’t want it, imagine me!”
– “I also propose to consider off the Vermont Castings Resolute and Lopi Leyden. Equally use a various system to obtain a thoroughly clean burn up than the other non-catalytic stoves. The two stoves typically have a steeper understanding curve, can be vulnerable to expensive repairs and are greater suited for entire-time burners which does not look to be your intention.”
– “As other individuals have talked about, the Oakwood (and other downdrafts like Lopi Leyden and specified Vermont Castings types) can be a little bit fussy about dry wood and good draft, requires a little bit a lot more babysitting and for a longer time studying curve, and is not well suited to slower/reduced burns in months like November and April.”
– “You want a stove with tubes in the leading or a catalyst. Avoid stoves that attract smoke down into the back of the stove. For instance: Vermont Castings, some Harman’s and Lopi Leyden.”

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Wooden and pellet stoves with true efficiency quantities

The following seventy one wood and pellet stoves have been tested by accredited laboratories for efficiency. Buyers should consider acquiring 1 of these stoves if they want a stove that has a trustworthy effectiveness value. &nbspHowever, with wood stoves, the shown efficiency signifies what shoppers can get if they use dry wooden and give the stove ample air. &nbspWith pellet stoves, the performance described by the lab is a great approximation of the effectiveness the customer can expect. &nbsp

Consumers need to beware that most producer websites put up unreliable and exaggerated efficiencies, besides for a tiny team of businesses. &nbspSome businesses could not put up the efficiencies of their pellet stoves due to the fact they are poorly developed and have efficiencies below sixty five%. Simply click right here for an analysis of stove efficiencies.
How to go through this chart: Some of the Model Names have been shortened to in shape into the structure of this weblog. &nbspTo check out the formal supply of accredited stoves that would include the total product name(s), refer to the record of EPA licensed stoves. &nbspThe emission price is the quantity of grams of particulate issue that make up smoke, per hour. The genuine efficiency refers to a typical of the range of heat outputs that the stove is capable of, calculated using the CSA B415.one-ten, which makes use of the larger heating worth (HHV). Below type of stove, “Cat” refers to catalytic stoves, “Hybrid” refers to stoves that have the two catalytic and non-catalytic engineering, and “Non Cat” refers to non-catalytic stoves.

Manufacturer Title Product Identify Emission Fee G/Hr True Performance&nbsp Kind
Kuma Stove Inc. Sequoia 2.2 eighty four Cat&nbsp
Blaze King Industries KEJ 1107&nbsp 1.eight eighty two Cat&nbsp
Woodstock Soapstone Best Metal&nbsp 1. 82 Hybrid&nbsp
Blaze King Industries Princess PEJ &nbsp two.four 81 Cat&nbsp
Blaze King Industries Princess 35&nbsp 2.one eighty one Cat&nbsp
Ningbo Hongsheng Comfortbilt HP5 2.five 81 Pellet
Regency (FPI) Regency 3500 one.1 81 Cat&nbsp
Woodstock Soapstone Development Hybrid&nbsp one.three eighty one Hybrid&nbsp
Blaze King Industries Ashord Chinook&nbsp .eight 80 Cat&nbsp
Blaze King Industries Princess Insert &nbsp 2 eighty Cat&nbsp
Regency (FPI) LG Flushwood one.eight 80 Cat&nbsp
Travis Industries Insert Hybrid&nbsp .six eighty Hybrid&nbsp
Travis Industries Cape Cod&nbsp .five eighty Hybrid&nbsp
England’s Stove Functions 25-SSP01 .56 seventy nine Pellet
Regency (FPI) F5100&nbsp 1.5 seventy nine Cat&nbsp
Travis Industries Rockport .eight seventy eight Cat&nbsp
Seraph Industries Genesis 108 2.1 seventy eight Pellet&nbsp
Blaze King Industries Chinook Sirocco&nbsp one.three 77 Cat&nbsp
Jotul North The united states&nbsp F55 3.5 seventy six Non Cat
Travis Industries Modest Flush &nbsp&nbsp .nine 76 Hybrid&nbsp
Blaze King Industries Chinook Sirocco&nbsp one. 75 Cat&nbsp
Jotul North The us&nbsp F118 CB three.5 75 Non Cat
Pacific Power Hearth TN20 two.one seventy five Non Cat
Pacific Power Hearth Neo 1.six, Insert three.nine 75 Non Cat
Pacific Energy Fireplace&nbsp Neostone 1.6 three.four seventy five Non Cat&nbsp
Sherwood Industries Enviro 1700l 4.five seventy five Non Cat
Jotul North The usa&nbsp F600 four.one 74 Non Cat
Jotul North America&nbsp F45 2.3 74 Non Cat
Jotul North The united states&nbsp F500 three.two 74 Non Cat
Pacific Strength Hearth Neo two.5, insert&nbsp two.nine seventy four Non Cat&nbsp
Travis Industries Evergreen three.six seventy four Non Cat
Travis Industries 42CVT Wooden .seven 73 Cat&nbsp
American Strength Sys. Baby Country S one seventy three Pellet
Boru Stove Firm Carraig Mor&nbsp three.9 seventy three Non Cat&nbsp
Jotul North The usa&nbsp F118 Black Bear three 73 Non Cat
Jotul North The usa&nbsp Tamarack 4.four 73 Non Cat
Jotul North The us&nbsp F3CBII 3.8 73 Non Cat
Jotul North The us&nbsp F602 CB 3.four seventy three Non Cat
Jotul North The usa&nbsp F100 Nordic three 73 Non Cat
Kuma Stove Inc. Ashwood 3.5 seventy three Non Cat
Kuma Stove Inc. Scot HT-one 3.five 73 Non Cat
Kuma Stove Inc. Wooden Basic three.3 73 Non Cat
Travis Industries 42CVT Hearth .7 73 Non Cat
Unforgetable Fire Katydid one.9 73 Non Cat
Jotul North The us&nbsp 50TL two.eight seventy two Non Cat
Kuma Stove Inc. Aspen four.one 72 Non Cat
Sherwood Industries Enviro 1200, i&nbsp 3.four seventy two Non Cat&nbsp
American Strength Sys.&nbsp Minor Rascal 1.one 71 Pellet
Blaze King Industries Briarwood II/ninety&nbsp 3.5 seventy one Non Ca&nbsp
Fireplace &amp House Tech. Mt. Vernon AE 1.seven 71 Pellet
Hearth &amp Home Tech. Accentra-2 .62 71 Pellet&nbsp
Jotul North The us&nbsp C550 CB 4.five 71 Non Cat
Jotul North America&nbsp F602 CB&nbsp 3.4 71 Non Cat&nbsp
Even Temp, (St. Croix) Prescott EXP EXL .53 70 Pellet
England’s Stove Functions 15-SSW02 three.five 70 Non Cat
Quadrafire (HHT) Explorer III 2.nine 70 Non Cat
Quadrafire (HHT) Explorer II 2 sixty nine Non Cat
Wiseway Pellet Stove GW1949 one.nine sixty nine Pellet
Jotul North The usa&nbsp Castine F400 3.8 sixty eight Non Cat
US Stove Company 1269E four.2 68 Non Cat
American Power Sys. 3500, 01 &amp 02 1 sixty seven Pellet&nbsp
Fireside &amp House Tech. Advance one.eight 67 Pellet&nbsp
Pacific Energy Fireplace&nbsp FP 25 3.five sixty seven Non Cat
Even Temp (St. Croix) Hastings 1.1 66 Pellet
Even Temp (St. Croix) Ashby-P 1 sixty six Pellet&nbsp
Jotul North The united states&nbsp F370 2.6 66 Non Cat
Enjoyable Hearth, GHP&nbsp WS-2720-B 4.five sixty six Non Cat
Pacific Strength Fireplace PF16 3.one sixty five Non Cat&nbsp
US Stove Company 5660E, one.nine sixty two Pellet
Sherwood Industries EF2, Chatham,&nbsp 1.8 fifty eight Pellet

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Alliance for Green Warmth to undertake wooden stove alter out evaluation for West Penn Electricity Sustainable Energy Fund

March 22, 2016 – The Alliance for Environmentally friendly Warmth acquired a $ fifteen,600 grant from West Penn Energy Sustainable Energy Fund (WPPSEF) for a wooden stove adjust out evaluation.
The grant money will be utilized to suggest alternatives for plans that remove present older stoves, and substitute them with new, wood burning appliances that fulfill or exceed the U.S. Environmental Defense Company (EPA) 2020 New&nbspSource Efficiency Requirements wooden heater restrictions.&nbsp This kind of a software must also consist of a measurement and verification ingredient that ensures existing wooden stoves are taken off, taken off the market, and disposed of.

In addition, the venture will check out the integration of a wood stove modify out system into existing funding or incentive packages, as properly as a household vitality performance software that will drastically minimize wooden smoke emissions and deal with home ease and comfort and air high quality security worries.
“Woody biomass is an plentiful renewable warmth feedstock which has been employed by generations to offer low-value heating for residences throughout Pennsylvania. &nbspWPPSEF seeks to much better comprehend how older wooden burning stoves can be changed by point out-of-the art stoves that fulfill or exceeds EPA’s 2020 New Supply Performance Specifications even though making certain the outdated stove is removed from the marketplace.&nbsp WPPSEF is striving to build a price-effective plan that support homeowners exchange their old wood stove and although enhancing neighborhood air top quality and residence comfort” suggests Joel Morrison, Director of the WPPSEF.
&nbsp# &nbsp# &nbsp#
The Alliance for Eco-friendly Heat encourages present day wooden and pellet heating programs as a minimal-carbon, sustainable and inexpensive energy solution. The Alliance operates to progress cleaner and much more productive household heating engineering, particularly for reduced and center-cash flow households. Launched in 2009, the Alliance is an impartial non-profit group and is tax-exempt beneath part 501c3 of the tax code.
The West Penn Energy Sustainable Strength Fund (WPPSEF) is a 501(c)(3) nonprofit organization that invests in the deployment of sustainable strength systems that gain West Penn Electricity ratepayers in Pennsylvania. WPPSEF investments are targeted in a few broad groups:
ü&nbsp Deployment of sustainable and clear vitality systems
ü&nbsp Deployment of vitality effectiveness and conservation systems and
ü&nbsp Facilitating financial growth, environmental betterment, and community training as they relate to sustainable strength deployment in the WPP services location.
Visit http://www.wppsef.orgfor additional data.

###

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US to begin necessary study of wooden pellet types, volumes and substances

Rosalie Bianco established Boulder-based mostly
New Earth Pellets employing bark beetle-broken
trees to make the pellets. &nbspHer organization, like
other individuals, will &nbsphave to begin filling out this
survey in 2016.&nbsp

The US authorities is poised to get started a regular monthly survey of pellet producers, considerably like it conducts similar surveys for coal, oil, gas, and other renewable technologies like photo voltaic panels.&nbsp The Alliance for Eco-friendly Warmth has been part of a coalition urging the government to incorporate thermal biomass in reviews, insurance policies and data selection initiatives.

Some pellet producers may say, “be mindful what you wish for, lest it might appear real.”&nbsp Attempts by the Pellet Fuels Institute and others to collect info about how numerous pellets are becoming developed each and every year have been achieved with resistance by several companies.&nbsp
In contrast, response costs to surveys by the Power Information Agency (EIA) are typically one hundred% according to EIA employees since response to the EIA energy surveys is mandatory pursuant to Segment 13(b) of the Federal Vitality Administration Act of 1974.&nbsp Failure to answer to EIA surveys is punishable by considerable fines.
The EIA-63C “Densified Biomass Gasoline Report” will demand any firm that generates much more than ten,000 tons (the EIA expects there to be about a hundred and fifty) to fill out the survey monthly, which the EIA estimates will just take one hour to complete. &nbspThe EIA aggregates the survey responses and does not release any business certain data, a strict rule that follows with all strength surveys.
The EIA is an unbiased info agency within the Section of Vitality.&nbsp Its extended hallways are crammed with wonky number crunchers who generate some of the most important information that sector and government count on to understand power marketplaces.&nbsp Thermal biomass currently being picked at prolonged previous to join the club of key power producers displays recognition of its contributions to warmth residences and institutions throughout America is increasing.
The EIA wants to know how considerably PFI accredited and non-accredited pellets producers are making for the two the bulk and bagged marketplace.&nbsp For the PFI licensed pellets, the EIA wants to know regardless of whether they are premium grade, standard or utility quality.

The study also asks if pellets are becoming marketed domestically or to international markets and even why crops could not be running at entire capability.&nbsp The survey asks if extrusion equipment was not totally used, was it a scarcity of uncooked resources, drying capability, grinding capability, or lack of a industry for them?

As pellet exports for European electric vegetation have grow to be far more controversial, one related part of the study addresses the origin of wood fiber.&nbsp The survey lists 10 feasible sources of fiber: from pulp wooden quality roundwood to wood chips to logging residues to sawdust.&nbsp Then, it asks if this fiber is from a all-natural private forest, a planted personal forest, or community land.&nbsp See far more in chart beneath:
In addition to pellets, the survey contains other densified biomass such as wooden bricks, wooden logs and briquettes.&nbsp The benefits will probably display a rapidly growing wood brick/log sector, which has the prospective to create considerably cleaner fuels than cordwood in household wood stoves.&nbsp However, there is no top quality certification procedure for these kinds of densified biomass in area yet, as there is for pellets.&nbsp As this market place matures and offer begins to meet up with demand in forthcoming years, there is very likely to be a lot more focus on the elements utilised in the fuel, just as there is now with pellets.
“This survey is a sign that the US government is taking thermal biomass a lot more critically,” explained John Ackerly, President of the Alliance for Eco-friendly Warmth.&nbsp “Pellets can give a cleanse and successful option to fossil fuels to heat our homes and properties.&nbsp We applaud the EIA for agreeing to undertake this survey so that all stakeholders can have a level of element and transparency,” Ackerly added.
The survey has currently been by way of one public comment interval, the place main stakeholders, like the Alliance for Inexperienced Warmth, provided feedback and recommendations to the EIA.&nbsp It is now being sent out for a second 30-day public remark interval. &nbsp


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What Customers Require to Know about New EPA Wooden Stove Principles

In the prolonged guide-up to the&nbspEPA’s new guidelines on wooden and pellet stoves and boilers, there have been a lot of claims, predictions and fears. &nbspHere is a summary of the crucial factors in the NSPS that will effect you, the consumer.

The rule turns into legislation on Friday, Could 15, but will not expect to see many, if any, adjustments in your nearby hearth store until finally Jan. 1, 2016. &nbsp Scroll to the bottom to see a timeline of implementation.

Wooden stoves: Shoppers will scarcely notice any adjust right up until 2020. &nbspAs of 2016, stoves need to not emit a lot more than four.five grams and right after May fifteen, 2020, two grams an hour. &nbspThe most significant around term modify is that the actually cheap, uncertified stoves will no longer be on the market place after Jan. 1, 2016.&nbsp (These stoves, typically manufactured in China, sold for $ 300 – $ 600.)

Pellet stoves: Buyers will not discover considerably change listed here both. &nbspAs of Jan. 1, 2016 all pellet stoves will have to be accredited by the EPA.&nbsp Some designs are also very likely to get a lot more productive. &nbspIn 2020, pellet stoves also have to emit no more than two grams an hour. &nbspMost pellet stoves currently meet up with the 2020 normal.


Costs: There need to be no short time period price tag rises, but some companies say their prices may go up $ three hundred – $ four hundred in 2020.&nbsp Other folks say their prices won’t rise at all.

Retail “sell-through” period of time: Suppliers have until Dec. 31, 2015 to sell present stock.&nbsp Many stores do not carry something that can’t be offered below the new guidelines in any case. Beware of revenue this summer season and slide that are striving to unload inefficient stoves and boilers ahead of its unlawful to sell them!

Existing and next hand stoves: Existing stoves are not impacted by these principles, nor is the vibrant next hand marketplace for wooden stoves. States can regulate current and uncertified stoves and Washington and Oregon do not enable any person to set up an uncertified stove off the second hand market place.&nbsp All states enable customers to purchase and install 2nd hand licensed stoves.

Corn, coal and multi-gasoline stoves: Corn and coal stoves are not coated by EPA policies and can carry on to be marketed without any federal government emission regulation, so extended as they will not market that they can also use wood or pellets. Multi-gasoline stoves are no longer allowed.&nbsp Accredited stoves can only be marketed for the fuel that they are examined with, and there is not yet a check strategy for corn or coal.

Misleading promoting: Most companies have posted unverified and exaggerated efficiency claims on their brochures and sites.&nbsp The new principles specify how stove effectiveness is to be tested and noted, but its nonetheless mysterious if the&nbspEPA will crack down on the rampant exaggerated and misleading performance statements.&nbsp Blaze King and Seraph are only businesses that offer verified, correct performance figures of all their stoves to customers and the EPA. &nbspBeware of any stove that advertises more than 83% efficiency. &nbsp

Efficiency:&nbspThe EPA will start to demand effectiveness tests and reporting, but ninety five% of existing stoves will not have to be examined until 2020, so handful of stoves will be required to publish performance quantities.&nbsp To day, most organizations nonetheless deal with confirmed efficiency as private documents.

New hangtags: The EPA is receiving rid of the aged hang tags that consumers have been accustomed to on the showroom ground.&nbsp Instead, they are issuing particular, voluntary cling tags only for those stoves and boilers that presently meet the stricter Step 2 specifications (2 grams and hour) or that have been made and analyzed with cord wood. This will support shoppers far more effortlessly recognize the cleaner stoves and people that are made to be used with cordwood – the same variety of gas that customers use.&nbsp (At present, all stoves are analyzed with 2x4s and 4x4s, which burn off very differently than wire wood.)

Carbon monoxide (CO): The new principles do not limit the quantity of CO that can be emitted but call for that it be analyzed and documented. As with effectiveness, it is nonetheless unclear if CO levels from existing stoves will be obtainable before 2020.

Stoves examined with cordwood: The policies established up an option, voluntary compliance option for Stage two emission stages of 2.five grams an hour for stoves examined with twine wood. &nbspThis recognizes leaders in the industry who are optimizing their stoves for using twine wooden and encourages other producers to follow their case in point.

Export stoves: US producers can continue to make and promote stoves with no emission controls or tests to nations that even now let this.&nbsp These stoves have to be labeled as an “export stove. Could not be offered or operated within the United States.”&nbsp


Litigation: The deadline to file match over this rule is Might fifteen, 2015. &nbspThe major stove and boiler industry association, the HPBA, has indicated it will be filing suit, most likely above the cost usefulness of the 2020 emission requirements. &nbspAir quality or environmental groups might also sue, claiming the new specifications are as well lax. Our lawful professionals say that a go well with from both aspect would be hard to acquire.

Boilers &amp Furnaces

Boilers: Like stoves, boilers must fulfill Stage one emission boundaries by Might 15. &nbspRetailers can still offer more mature, uncertified and unqualified boilers through Dec. 31, 2015. &nbspIn 2020, they have to fulfill stricter emission limitations. &nbspDue to a schism between domestic boiler manufacturers and people importing far more superior European technologies, most examination labs are not willing to take a look at the imported units. &nbspThey may possibly face limitations to turning out to be certified by Jan. one, 2016.


Warm air furnaces: Furnaces that heat air, instead of water, got a reprieve from the EPA after intense advocacy by industry and force from Congress. &nbspSmall types have to satisfy Step 1 emission standards by May 15, 2016 and big kinds not until finally May 15, 2017.


Value: As opposed to stoves, possibilities for consumers will adjust much more, since the boiler furnace market had not been controlled and a lot of low-cost, lower-performance models were on the market place. &nbspPrices – and efficiencies- are likely to rise substantially but running fees will be significantly lower.

Humidity meters: Furnaces have to appear with a free dampness meter as of Jan. 1, 2016. &nbsp(Some advocates experienced urged all stoves to appear with moisture meters.)&nbsp

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HEPA Air Filters Display Very good Benefits at Minimizing Indoor Wooden Smoke

By Diane Peng and John Ackerly*
Alliance for Green Heat
If you smell wood smoke in your house, you should go to the source and fix the problem. But if the source is a neighbor’s stove or outdoor wood boiler, it can be very difficult to solve the problem.  Recent research suggests that a high-efficiency particle air (HEPA) filter can reduce indoor wood smoke by up to 60%. Even small amounts of smoke from backpuffing when you open your stove to reload it can pose a health concern and may warrant the investment in a HEPA air filter. 
This highly rated Whirlpool HEPA air
filter cost under $ 300.
Wood smoke contains two types of pollutants that that are of major concern, particulate matter and carbon monoxide (CO). Particulates from wood smoke  range in size from 0.01 to 0.1 microns and can penetrate deep in the lungs, causing respiratory ailments. Carbon monoxide is a colorless, odorless, and tasteless gas that can be lethal when concentrations grow high enough in contained spaces. Having a working carbon monoxide meter in your home is vital to your safety. Fortunately, carbon monoxide is unlikely to be a problem if the smoke is from your neighbor’s stove or boiler, because the concentration will be too low.  An air filter will help reduce particulate matter.
Many air filters claim that they are effective at reducing particulates including from wood smoke, but only HEPA filters have been proven to be effective.  The June 2012 issue of Consumer Reports rated HEPA air purifiers and found the Whirlpool AP51030K ($ 300) and the Hunter 30547 ($ 260) to the most effective and “Best Buys.”
Fireplaces are much more likely to cause
indoor wood smoke problems than wood
stoves.  Your nose is an excellent instrument
to tell if smoke is leaking into your home.

Indoor air pollution poses a real threat to human health. The air we breathe inside our homes can be filled with dust, pollen, animal dander, smoke, and many other physical and chemical pollutants, sometimes making indoor air more harmful to our health than outdoor air. Simply opening a window and providing ventilation can reduce the amount of pollutants inside our homes, but when this solution is not sufficient, many turn to indoor air filters.
Air filters direct air through a filter that removes any suspended particles. They can be portable units for individual room purification or cartridges that are installed directly into the home’s HVAC (heating, ventilation, and air conditioning) unit for home purification. The filter itself can be made out of a variety of materials: foam, cotton, fiber, and synthetic fibers. Pleated fibers work best because they provide greater surface area for which to catch the pollutants. One major limitation to air filters is its inability to filter larger particles because they settle from the air before reaching the filter. It is also important to note that these types of filters remove particle pollution only; gaseous pollutants such as carbon monoxide will not be removed from the air.
Filter efficiency is measured by the minimum efficiency reporting value (MERV). MERV values range from 1 – 20 with higher scores corresponding to more efficient removal of particles. High-Efficiency Particulate Air (HEPA) filters have MERV values ranging from 17 – 20 and have met the U.S. Department of Energy standard of removing 99.97% of particles greater than 0.03 microns from the air that passes through. HEPA filters are not traditionally installed in a home’s HVAC unit but are found in separate filtration devices.

Both old and new wood stoves can leak
smoke into the home.  Its often the installation
and the chimney, not the stove, responsible
for leakage. A CSIA certified chimney sweep
is an excellent resource to find and help
remedy indoor smoke issues.

Wood particles are between .01 and .1 micrometer.  One source gave the average at 0.07. According to the EPA, HEPA filters can filter particles as small as 0.03 micrometers in size.
Researchers from the University of Montana and other experts published a paper, “Evaluating the Effectiveness of a Commercial Portable Air Purifier in Homes with Wood Burning Stoves” in the Journal of Environmental and Public Health in 2011 and found that a portable HEPA air filter is an effective option for reducing particle concentrations in homes that use wood burning stoves as their primary or secondary heating source. Particle concentrations of the homes in the study decreased 61-85%.. Another research group also found that installing a HEPA filter significantly reduced particulate pollution. In addition this group found that people living in these homes saw a 32% average decrease in their levels of C-reactive protein, a marker of inflammation and cardiovascular disease.
One thing to keep in mind is that it is always better to prevent the problem rather than try to fix it. The best solution to purifying indoor air is to remove the source of contamination. This can be hard to do if the source of wood smoke inside your house is a neighbor’s outdoor wood boiler. Smoke from a neighbor’s outdoor wood boiler could very well end up inside your own home through your ventilation system.
Bottom line: If you have any level of detectable wood smoke in your house, go to the source and fix the problem.  If you can’t fix it, it is probably time to upgrade your stove and have it professionally installed, particularly if you have a stove made prior to 1988 that is not certified by the EPA.  If you can’t replace or fix the leaky stove, an air filter may be an inexpensive way to mitigate the particulate matter problem. Even with an air filter, however, carbon monoxide may still remain a serious pollutant in the home.   Given the potential negative health impacts of any prolonged exposure to wood smoke and other indoor air pollutants, there is a growing body of scientific evidence that HEPA filters may significantly improve air quality in homes effected by wood smoke and that these reductions may have positive health benefits.
Sources:

An air filter intervention study of endothelial function among healthy adults in a woodsmoke-impacted community,  Am J Respir Crit Care Med.2011 May 1;183(9).
Hart JF, Ward TJ, Spear TM, Rossi RJ, Holland NN, Loushin BG. Evaluating the Effectiveness of a Commercial Portable Air Purifier in Homes with Wood Burning Stoves: A Preliminary Study. Journal of Environmental and Public Health. 2011 Jan: 2011: 324809
Ogulei D, Hopke PK, Wallace LA. Analysis of Indoor Particle Size Distributions in an Occupied Townhouse Using Positive Matrix Factorization. Indoor Air. 2006 Jun;16(3):204-15.
INDOOR AIR QUALITY: Wood-Burning Stoves Get Help from HEPA Filters

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3080954/

* Diane Peng was a Research Fellow at the Alliance for Green Heat and is now a medical student.  John Ackerly is the President of the Alliance.  Thanks also to edits from Derek Rogalsky, a medical student at Georgetown Medical School and the lead author of Estimating the Number of Low-Income Americans Exposed to Household Air Pollution from Burning Solid Fuels.

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